Authors:G. Vázquez, J. González-Álvarez, and G. Antorrena
curing of a phenol–formaldehyde–tannin (PFT) adhesive in the presence
of pine or eucalyptus wood has been studied using differential scanning calorimetry.
The influence of the adhesive/wood ratio on the activation energy (Ea), the temperature of the
maximum of the exothermic peak (Tp)
and the enthalpy of the curing process (ΔH)
was analysed. Ea, Tp and ΔH
of the curing reaction decreased when wood was added in the curing system.
The adhesive/wood interaction did not depend significantly on wood species.
Authors:G. Vázquez, F. López-Suevos, J. González-Alvarez, and G. Antorrena
Phenol-urea-formaldehyde-tannin (PUFT) adhesives have been prepared by copolymerization at room temperature of pine bark tannins
with phenol-urea-formaldehyde (PUF) prepolymers prepared under varying operating conditions. Differential scanning calorimetry
(DSC) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) have been used to analyse the curing of prepolymers and adhesives. DSC curves
were obtained at three different heating rates and, by means of the Model Free Kinetics isoconversional method, chemical conversion
vs. time at a given temperature was obtained. Mechanical conversion was calculated from DMA storage modulus data for those
adhesives which gave the best results for plywood and MDF boards.
Authors:I. Perez-Alvarez, J. L. Martinez-Vidal, M. Villafranca, E. Gonzalez-Pradas, and F. Salinas
Solid crystalline complexes of furan-2-hydroxamic acid (FHA) and six metallic divalent cations (Ca(II), Ba(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II)) were prepared. In all cases the stoichiometry was 2(FHA)∶1 (cation). The solids were characterized by elemental analysis, TG, DSC and IR techniques.
Authors:P. Lam Ramos, D. Frías Fonseca, M. González Garcia, D. Aguiar Lambert, J. Estévez Alvarez, I. Pupo González, and D. López Sánchez
The objective of the present study was the elaboration of a procedure for the determination of Y, La, Ce, Pr and Nd in soils by spectrophotometry with Arsenazo III preceded by a separation-concentration stage, which includes coprecipitation and ion exchange. Multielement analysis by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (including Y, La, Ce and Nd) and flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry was carried out simultaneously in order to obtain a general characterization of the soil samples. Certified reference materials and statistical intercomparison of the obtained results were used to evaluate the accuracy of the methods. The precision was examined by analyzing replicate samples.
Authors:N. Alberro Macias, I. Pupo González, L. Valcárcel Rojas, D. Frías Fonseca, J. R. Estévez Álvarez, D. López Sánchez, A. Montero Álvarez, D. Simón Pérez, M. A. Isaac Tejera, and J. F. Pérez Oliva
The quality of the potable and purified for haemodialysis waters used in the National Institute of Nephrology was evaluated
since 2002 up to now. A total of 20 chemical components were analyzed. The analytical results were compared with the admissible
maximum concentrations according to the Cuban Standard NC 92-02:85 for potable water and with the Spanish Standard UNE 111-301-90,
related to the quality of water for use in haemodialysis. The quality of both types of water was found to comply with the
Standards regulations. The CEADEN analytical chemistry laboratory operates a quality management system since 1992, that was
credited according to ISO/IEC 17025 requirements.