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  • Author or Editor: J. J. Bian x
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Abstract  

Heat capacities of both the ingot-like and melt-spun Al-Sr alloys have been measured through the temperature range 373 to 1060 K using differential scanning calorimetry. The experimental results show that rapid solidification has a slight effect on the temperature dependence of the heat capacities of the Al-Sr alloys. The heat capacities of the melt-spun Al-Sr alloys increase more slowly than those of the ingot-like alloys with increasing temperature from 373 to 900 K. Furthermore, the effect of rapid solidification on the heat capacities becomes more obvious with increasing Sr concentration in the Al-Sr alloys. The data of the heat capacities between 373 and 900 K have been fitted with the least square method and a linear dependence on temperature was assumed for that temperature range.

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Abstract  

The batch method and the column method were simultaneously employed to study the sorption and desorption of Eu(III) on red earth as a function of pH (4.6–6), the presence of a well-characterized fulvic acid (FA) and the iron oxides content of red earth. The results from both methods were consistent qualitatively. The Eu(III) sorption showed significant dependences on pH and FA, the sorption was increased with increasing pH and by addition of FA to the solutions, while the iron oxides content of the red earth had a negative contribution to the sorption of Eu(III). Additionally, the sorption-desorption hysteresis of Eu(III) on red earth occurred at a pH range of 4.6–6. Therefore, the humic substance and high pH have a great tendency to immobilize Eu(III) on red earth.

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Shuganjieyu (SGJY) capsule is a classical formula widely used in Chinese clinical application. In this paper, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization and ion trap mass spectrometry has been established to separate and identify the chemical constituents of SGJY and the multiple constituents of SGJY in rats. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 RRHD column (150 × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm), while 0.1% formic acid–water and 0.1% formic acid–acetonitrile was used as mobile phase. Mass spectral data were acquired in both positive and negative modes. On the basis of the characteristic retention time (R t) and mass spectral data with those of reference standards and relevant references, 73 constituents from the SGJY and 15 ingredients including 10 original constituents and 5 metabolites from the rat plasma after oral administration of SGJY were identified or tentatively characterized. This study provided helpful chemical information for further pharmacology and active mechanism research on SGJY.

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