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  • Author or Editor: J. Jia x
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Wheat yellow rust resistance gene Yr17 was originated from the wheat-Aegilops ventricosa introgression, and still effective on the adult plant in Southern China. The previous studies located the gene Yr17 on the translocation of 2NS-2AS using the molecular and cytological markers. In the present study, we screened new PCR-based markers to map the gene Yr17 region from the investigation of a segregating 120 F2 population. All markers including four EST-PCR markers, a SCAR (sequence characterized amplified region) and a PLUG (PCR based landmark unique gene) marker specific to Yr17 gene were mapped on the chromosome 2AS, and located on the chromosomal deletion bin 2AS5-0.8–1.00 region. Based on the wheat-rice collinearity, we found that the sequences of the Yr17 gene linked markers were comparatively matched at rice chromosome 4 and chromosome 7. However, the identified closely linked genomic sequence of Yr17 gene is most likely collinear with genomic region of rice chromosome 4. The newly produced PCR based markers closely linked to Yr17 gene will be useful for the marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding for rust resistance.

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Avena macrostachya is a perennial, autotetraploid oat. In its natural habitat it has a high degree of winter hardiness. The objective of this experiment was to screen 53 backcross progenies of an interspecific cross between the cultivar Brooks ( A. sativa ) and A. macrostachya using a controlled freezing test. No entry tested was more freezing tolerant than the recurrent parent Brooks. These results indicated that freeze tolerance from A. macrostachya had not been introgressed into the progeny. It was suggested that the mechanism for winter hardiness in A. macrostachya is different from that in A. sativa and may involve an escape mechanism rather than a genetically controlled freezing resistance mechanism.

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Abstract  

A radiochemical method is described for the determination of238Pu,239(240)Pu and241Am in a single soil sample. Plutonium is separated from a HNO3 leaching solution by a Microthene-TNOA column; amcricium is coprecipitated by oxalic acid, decontaminated from polonium by a TNOA-column in HCl medium, separated from the rare earth elements by a Microthene-HDEHP column, eluted with a 0.07M DTPA+1M lactic acid solution and finally purified by a PMBP-TOPO extraction. The method supplies a good decontamination of Am and Pu from natural alpha emitters; starting from 50 g soil, the average yields were 75.1±13.4% for plutonium and 57.7±10.8% for Am.239(240)Pu,238Pu and241Am concentrations (mBq/kg) in three different kinds of soil were the following: 255, 10.4, 81.3 (uncultivated soils); 236, 11.6, 76.7 (cultivated soils); 46, 1.9, 19.8 (river sediment). The average ratios238Pu to239(240)Pu and241Am to239(240)Pu were 0.044 and 0.350, respectively.

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Knowledge of the chromosomal distribution of long terminal repeats (LTR) is important for understanding plant chromosome structure, genomic organization and evolution, as well as providing chromosomal landmarks that are useful for chromosome engineering. The aim of this study is to investigate the genomic distribution of Sabrina -like LTR pDbH12, which was first isolated from Dasypyrum breviaristatum (V b genome), on Triticeae species in relation to the genomic evolution and chromosome identification. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis showed that pDbH12 is present on Dasypyrum (V genome) and Hordeum (H genome) species with the hybridized signals covering the entire chromosomes. However, clone pDbH12 did not hybridize to the genomes of Secale, Triticum, Lophopyrum, Pseduoroengeria, Aegilops, Agropyron desertorum and Elymus. Thinopyrum intermedium displayed fourteen chromosomes that hybridized with pDbH12. Sequential FISH identified these chromosomes as belonging to the J s genome. Results from sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker and dot blot both support the FISH results, and the integrative results suggest that amplification of Sabrina -like LTR retrotransposons is an important factor which involved in the speciation process. Clone pDbH12 could serve as a cytogenetic marker for tracing chromatin from V or V b , H and J s genomes in wheat-alien introgression lines.

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Palladium nanoparticles (Pd-NPs) were prepared by a single-phase reduction of palladium acetate in the presence of different organic thiol ligands. Sizes, size distributions and crystallinity of the Pd-NPs were determined by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) while thermogravimetric analysis coupled with mass spectroscopy (TGA-MS) was employed to measure their organic ligand to palladium ratios and to quantify contaminants. No systematic effect of the different ligands on the size and purity of the Pd-NPs was observed but 1st-generation Frechet dendron thiols had an about 4 times larger foot-print at the surface of the NPs than the other thiol ligands.

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This paper develops an instrumental analytical approach for detection of fourteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in edible oil samples using gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with diode array detector (DAD), and fluorescence detector (FLD). The GPC was used to remove triglycerides from edible oil samples. The extracted samples were then detected using UHPLC—DAD—FLD. In order to obtain good separation and high reproducibility, the UHPLC—DAD—FLD experimental condition was optimized. The PAHs including three groups of isomeric PAHs can be separated completely in 12 min using BEH Shield RP 18 column with a suitable gradient elution program. The mean recoveries were in the range of 73–110% with an acceptable reproducibility (RSD < 10%, n = 3). During real sample analysis, the method can decrease the chance of false positives with both DAD and FLD being used simultaneously. The results indicate that the approach is simple, easy, and acceptably reproducible, thereby showing great potential as a method for detection of fourteen PAHs contained in edible oil samples.

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Abstract  

Four ethylenediamine-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetate complexes with Sb(III)-M-Sb(III) polynuclear structure (M=Co(II), La(III), Nd(III), Dy(III)) are synthesized. [Sb24-(EDTA)2Co(H2O)2]·5.15H2O is characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal structure of [Sb24-(EDTA)2Co(H2O)2]·5.15H2O belongs to monoclinic system, space group P21/n, lattice parameters: a=6.9969(2), b=20.8705(4), c=10.8106(2) Å, β=90.031(1)°, V=1578.66(6) Å3, Z=2, M r=1007.76, D c=2.120 g cm−3, F(000)=1001, μ=2.323 mm−1, the final R=0.0235 and wR=0.0629 for 3480 observed reflections (I>2σ(I)). The powder X-ray diffraction patterns of the complexes are also measured. Elemental analyses, FTIR spectra, TG-DSC and DTA of [Sb2(EDTA)2Ln]NO3·nH2O are performed. FTIR spectra reveal that the antimony and other metallic ions were connected through the carboxylate bridges. The thermal analysis can demonstrate the complex formation of the antimony, other metallic ions and EDTA. The possible pyrolysis reactions in the thermal decomposition process of the complexes, the experimental and calculated percentage mass losses are also given.

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Summary

Silica-gel column chromatography and preparative reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) were sequentially employed for the isolation of two antioxidants including gallic acid and methyl gallate from Folium Toonea Sinensis. An RP-HPLC-UV method was then developed and validated to rapidly determine their content in this herb with ethyl gallate as internal standard. The quantitation was performed on an XBridge Shield RP18 column (150 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) under 40°C. The mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution was driven at 1.0 mL min−1 under gradient elution, and 270 nm was selected to monitor the separation. To evaluate the fitness for purpose of the method and to investigate the difference in the content of analytes among different samples, the leaves collected from five production sites were analyzed. The newly established method is suitable for routine analysis of gallic acid and methyl gallate in the herb and, hence, can assist in its quality assessment. It was also found that not only the content of two antioxidants but also the ratio varied significantly among different geographical origins. In addition, three samples from Yantai, Zumadian, and Zhenjiang were distinguished as they have a much higher content ratio than the other two.

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Abstract  

New complexes of the non-natural amino acid (p-iodo-phenylalanine) with divalent cobalt and nickel ions have been synthesized. The composition of the complexes is [M(IC6H4CH2CHNH2COO)2]2.5H2O (M=Co, Ni) and the crystal structure belongs to orthorhombic system. Infrared spectra indicate the nature of bonding in the complex. The first stage in the thermal decomposition process of the complex shows the presence of crystal water. The thermal decomposition process of cobalt complex differs from that of nickel. The intermediate and final residues in the thermal decomposition process have been analyzed to check the pyrolysis reactions. Thermal analysis indicates that the iodine atom of the ligand may coordinate to the metal ion in the lattice.

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