The thermal behaviors of three pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) base polymer bonded explosives (PBX), Detasheet A (EL506A,
red) and Datasheet C (EL506C, yellow-green) that supply by DuPont Co., PBXN-301 were investigated using thermal techniques
in this work. The thermal properties of PETN base polymer bonded explosives, such as vacuum thermal stability (VTS), time
to ignition, auto-ignition and shelf life of PBX that calculation from Arrhenius equation by the length of time for 5% decomposition
were also examined. By comparing the thermal properties, VTS and shelf life of PETN base polymer bonded explosives, the application
and storage of Datasheet C (EL506C, yellow-green) should be considered carefully, owing to the ingredients of Datasheet C
(EL506 C, yellow-green) containing nitrocellulose. Binders that using in this study seems play no significant effect on the
decomposition for polymer bonded explosives, because the decomposition temperature of binders is always higher than that of
Attempts have been made to employ magnesium oxide as the preconcentration agent for determination of trace metal sin seawater by neutron activation analysis. Hydrous magnesium oxide can efficienthy adsorb most cationic transition metals and rare earths in a simple water system. The adsorption behavior is believed to depend mainly from the association of the cationic species of the metals with MgO
adsorbent. In seawater matrix some of the metal ions such as Hg2+, Ni2+, etc. may become inefficiently adsorbed owing to the formation of highly stable metal-chloro complexes with chloride ion. Usually the adsorption efficiencies of the metals can be recovered to be as high as the case in the simple water system if an acidified seawater (to pH1) is subjected to the adsorption experiment. In practice, a large volume of seawater (5 1) is stirred with a small amount of hydrous MgO (1 g). Thereafter, the trace metals adsorbed MgO is separated and taken to be neutron activated. The abundant sodium ion and ubiquitous bromide ion can be obviated by the adsorption process, thereby beneficial to the -spectrometry of the metals enriched on MgO.
The effects of red grape, wild grape and black raspberry wines on the quality of ground pork during a 15 days refrigerated storage period were investigated. The levels of phenolic compounds were the highest in black raspberry wine (P<0.05). In contrast, the antioxidant capacities according to ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP) and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) were not significantly different among the wines (P>0.05). The addition of 5% and 10% wine influenced the quality of ground pork by decreasing pH, inhibiting the progression of lipid oxidation and the formation of total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), and stabilizing the red colour of the ground pork compared to control samples to which no wine was added. In ground pork, addition of red grape wine led to lower concentrations of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, 0.19–0.39 mg kg−1) and TVB-N values (69.1–119.9 mg kg−1) than wild grape (0.16–0.43 mg kg−1 and 72.0–194.1 mg kg−1, respectively) or black raspberry wine (0.33–0.58 mg kg−1 and 81.7–225.4 mg kg−1, respectively) up to 10 days of storage. Results from the present study suggested that the quality of ground pork was affected by wine type and storage period. These effects could be due to phenolic compounds as well as other chemical components of the wines.
This article addresses the potential effectiveness of blind review in selecting and funding research proposals in a “scientifically
small” country. By analyzing 474 responses of the blinded reviewers ever worked for Korea Science and Engineering Fund, it
was found that blind review is fairly effective. About two thirds of the blinded reviewers were unable to recognize the applicants
accurately. The applicant detection was affected by (1) physical age, (2) professional experience, and (3) geographical location
of doctoral education of the applicant, (4) review experience, (5) rank of employing universities of the reviewers, and (6)
similirity of research interest between an applicant and a reviewer. It was also found that blind review was more strongly
advocated by those who had made a wrong guess or who had given up guessing. Implications of the findings and future research
directions were discussed.
new polycyclic nitramine 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (HNIW)
has been focused as a considerable amount of research recently on investigating
its polymorphs, relative stability, and respective reaction chemistry. It
is known as CL-20 popularly, CL-20 is a very high-energy and relatively high
oxygen balance value crystalline compound whose method of synthesis and detailed
performance data are still classified. 5-oxo-3-nitro-1,2,4-triazole (NTO,
or nitrotriazolone) was an insensitive molecule comparison general explosives,
and the NTO based polymer bonded explosives (PBX) was a low vulnerability
explosive. Both energetic materials are all very important high explosives,
which is used in a variety of military formulations widely owing to the properties
of high energy and desensitization of PBX, many researchers have demonstrated
the usefulness of above two energetic materials in explosive component. In
this work, the thermal decomposition characteristics of explosives CL-20 and
NTO were studied using thermal analytical techniques (TG, DSC), then the compatibility
of above two explosives with silicone rubber, and the decomposition kinetic
parameters such as activation energies of decomposition, the frequency factor
of the decompose reaction are also evaluated by non-isothermal DSC techniques.
A (D3C)2O (d6-acetone) target was irradiated with semi-monoenergetic neutrons generated from 9Be(p,n)9B reaction with 20 MeV protons to convert 13C and oxygen nuclides in the target into 14C. With both liquid scintillation counting (LSC) and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) we measured the (D3C)2O (d6-acetone) liquid targets, which were combustible and easy to afford CO2 for the AMS measurements. The 14C yield measured by the LSC method turned out to be 80 times larger than that by the AMS method. This large discrepancy may
be attributed to the loss of 14C atoms during the sample pretreatment in the AMS method such as combustion and cryogenic trapping of CO2. It means that 14C newly produced by nuclear reactions can exist in various chemical forms, i.e., C3D6O, CO, CO2, hydrocarbons, etc., and a simple sample pretreatment right after production can cause serious isotopic fractionation. Therefore,
using the AMS method, extreme caution in sample pretreatment should be exercised when the 14C yield produced immediately by nuclear reaction is measured.
Some stability and convergence theorems of the modified Ishikawa iterative sequences with errors for asymptotically nonexpansive
mapping in the intermediate sense and asymptotically pseudo contractive and uniformly Lipschitzian mappings in Banach spaces
A radiochemical neutron activation analysis has been applied to 2N–4N grade titanium metal and its oxide. Twenty two impurities were separated in a group from scandium by a radiochemical separation method using cation exchange resin with HBr and HCl. The contents of the elements were calculated by a single comparator method using two monitors. The analytical results agree well within 10% deviation with those obtained by instrumental method. Eighteen elements, Na, Fe, Co, As, Se, Sr, Mo, Sb, La, Eu, Tb, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, W, Th and U, are determined in titanium oxides and 17 elements, Na, Cr, Fe, Co, Se, As, Zr, Mo, Sb, Cs, Ce, Tb, Yb, Hf, Ta, W and Th, in titanium metals.
Interferences by uranium fission for95Zr,99Mo,103Ru,140La,141Ce and147Nd have been studied using a single comparator method with two monitors. The effect of the neutron energy spectrum on the interference factor was examined by using the effective activation cross section. All the activities of140La produced during neutron irradiation of uranium were included in the calculation of the factor for lanthanum. The calculated and experimental interference factors are in good agreement within 10% deviation. The results have been applied for the analysis of several rock samples containing uranium in a wide concentration range.
We have measured the cross sections of the 16O(n,t) reactions above 18.1 up to 33.1 MeV in an neutron activation method. H2O (water) as an 16O target was irradiated with semi-monoenergetic neutrons generated from the 9Be(p,n)9B reaction with 25–35 MeV protons. The neutron flux was obtained with the aid of previous study by Uwamino et al. (Nucl Instr
Methods A 271:546, 1988). The tritium activities were measured by using the liquid scintillation counting (LSC) method. The
present value for the cross section of 16O(n,t) reaction agrees with previous values measured by using the same LSC method at similar neutron energy ranging from 18.1
up to 33.1 MeV.