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Abstract  

A new method for the continuous determination of H2O2 is described based on the catalytic decomposition of H2O2 by LaCoO3. Oxygen liberated is measured by a gas meauuring burette. -irradiated catalyst enhances the catalytic activity and decreases the time required for complete decomposition. The procedure is suitable for microdetermination of H2O2 in various food products.

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Abstract  

Chemisorbed oxygen can be determined quantitatively by the measurement of gaseous N2/N2O liberated by treatment with hydrazine sulphate/hydroxylamine hydrochloride. The amount of chemisorbed oxygen depends on the degree of dispersion during irradiation and also the -dose. The chemisorption is enhanced in the presence of moisture. The partial reduction of the transition metal ion favours the formation of chemisorbed oxygen.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Balasubrahmanyam, B. Viswanathan, V. Rao, and J. Kuriacose

Abstract  

The effect of60Co -radiation on La2CuO4 solid catalyst prepared by the ceramic method has been studied. Gamma irradiation of La2CuO4 samples has been found to increase the Cu+ content, electrical conductivities and decrease the magnetic susceptibilities of the catalyst. The results have been interpreted on the basis of the crystal field model of the structure of La2CuO4.

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Abstract  

Carbonate radical shows moderate reactivity (k2=1.8·106 M–1 s–1) with nickelglycine complex. As an oxidizing free radical, it may attack the ligand to form Ni(II) coordinated glycine radical or oxidize the metal center to form a Ni(III) glycine transient. Continuous -irradiation of the complex-bicarbonate mixture yields glyoxalic acid (G=1.7) as the major product. The reaction involves an attack of the ligand and precludes the oxidation of metal center.

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Abstract  

The catalytic activity of La2CuO4 for the decomposition of H2O2 was studied in detail. La2CuO4 was prepared by the ceramic method in four different ways. Gamma irradiation of the La2CuO4 samples increased their catalytic activity irrespective of the method of preparation. The enhanced catalytic activity is attributed to irradiation generated Cu+ centres on the surface of the catalyst.

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