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  • Author or Editor: J. Kuwabara x
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Abstract  

For the internal dosimetry of plutonium, a urine bioassay method is very useful but requires several days to obtain the result of the analysis. To shorten the time required for the urine bioassay, a rapid method for plutonium analysis using the ICP-MS system was developed. In this chemical procedure, a microwave oven was applied for sample digestion, and an extraction chromatography resin was used for the separation of plutonium. The measurement time was extremely reduced by application of the ICP-MS as compared to alpha-spectrometry. The total analysis time was about 12 hours and the detection limit was 0.3 mBq/sample. The short analysis time and the low detection limit indicate that this method is useful not only for special monitoring but also for routine monitoring.

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Abstract  

Long-lived radionuclides,99Tc,137Cs,237Np, Pu isotopes and241Am were determined in the long sediment cores collected from nine intertidal sites around the west Cumbria of the Irish Sea, UK. The inventories of all nuclides measured varied considerably among the sampling sites, but generally their inventories decreased with increasing distance from Sellafield. Furthermore, the inventory ratios with respect to relationship with distance from Sellafield enabled comparison of transport behavior of99Tc,137Cs,237Np and241Am compared with239,240Pu. As a consequence, the apparent fractional rate of solution transport to the intertidal sediment was found to increase as follows:99Tc>137Cs>237Np>239,240Pu≥241Am.

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Abstract  

Depth profiles and inventories of237Np in sediment cores from the Ribble Estuary in the Irish Sea have been studied along with those of Pu isotopes,241Am and137Cs, to allow a more detailed look of anomalously high237Np content observed in this estuary previously. The comprehensive data obtained showed that the depth profiles of both237Np contents and237Np/239,240Pu activity ratios were clearly different from those of239,240Pu,241Am, and137Cs and their activity ratios. As much as 80–90% of237Np inventories (0.32–1.06 kBq/m2), found in three cores, were estimated to be derived from a source other than Sellafield, on the basis of comparison of the237Np/239,240Pu inventory ratio (0.65–1.74%) found in the Ribble Estuary cores with those (0.10–0.16%) in the Ravenglass Estuary cores.

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Abstract  

The concentrations of210Po and210Pb were determined in about 30 species of marine organisms collected mainly from the north-easterm region of Japan to know the levels and distributions of these radionuclides and to estimate their intake levels from marine foods.210Po and210Pb showed a wide range of concentration in species: 0.6–26 and 0.04–0.54 Bq/kg (wet wt) in fishes, 0.5–220 and 0.2–43 Bq/kg (wet wt) in molluscs, echinoderms and chordatas, and 2.8–4.3 and 0.4–1.3 Bq/kg (wet wt) in algae, respectively. Higher accumulation of210Po relative to210Pb was found in all of the samples analyzed. The intake levels of210Po and210Pb by marine foods consumption were roughly estimated to be 0.48–0.69 and 0.022–0.042 Bq/d per person, respectively, on the basis of the statistical data on the consumption of seafood and/or production rates of marine foods.

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