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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
J. Pascual
,
F. Corpas
,
J. López-Beceiro
,
M. Benítez-Guerrero
, and
R. Artiaga

Abstract  

A Spanish red mud was thermally characterized. Chemical and mineralogical composition were determined by XRF and XRD.The thermal events observed in the range from room temperature to 1300°C were related to the sample composition. The first mass loss step was related to free water content, while many of the other processes were related to dehydration processes. It was found that most of the decomposition reactions of hydrohematite, ferrihydrite, aluminogoethite, boehmite, silicates and carbonates were strongly overlapping. It was also explained the formation of silicates and calcium titanate, which presence was confirmed at 1000°C by XRD.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
C. Gracia-Fernández
,
J. Tarrío-Saavedra
,
J. López-Beceiro
,
S. Gómez-Barreiro
,
S. Naya
, and
R. Artiaga

Abstract

The use of pressure cell attached to a temperature modulated differential scanning calorimeter (TMDSC) is investigated to perform modulated DSC experiments at high pressures (TMPDSC). No previous reports were found on the use of TMPDSC. In this study, the proposed method is applied to the study of the pressure effect on the curing reaction of an epoxy system. Curing quasi-isothermal modulated experiments were performed at different pressures to evaluate the vitrification time. Linear heating modulated tests were also successfully performed at different pressures to separate the reversing glass transition effect from the residual exothermic cure reaction. The curing enthalpy, conversion versus temperature, and glass transition of the fully cured thermoset were also evaluated. All the studied parameters resulted to be affected by the pressure in the range from atmospheric pressure to 35 bar. It was observed that the curing enthalpy, the reaction rate and the conversion at any given time increase with any pressure increment. The usefulness of TMDSC to characterize the curing of thermosets is extended by PTMDSC to situations, i.e., aeronautics industry, where pressure curing is needed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
C. A. Gracia-Fernández
,
P. Davies
,
S. Gómez-Barreiro
,
Beceiro J. López
,
J. Tarrío-Saavedra
, and
R. Artiaga

Abstract

The development of photopolymers was helped by the development of photocalorimetry, which is now a basic technique for the study of these materials. This work shows how to obtain vitrification times in single isothermal curing experiments by monitoring the reversing heat capacity along time in modulated temperature DSC–photocuring systems, overcoming the time-consuming problem of standard DSC. The effects of the light intensity and the isothermal curing temperature on the vitrification time of a photocurable system were evaluated. The results obtained at a given curing temperature with different light intensities indicate that the UV-light affects the molecular mobility hindering the vitrification process. The effects of the curing temperature on the vitrification time, the conversion at the vitrification time and the maximum conversion were also evaluated.

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