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  • Author or Editor: J. Ma x
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Abstract  

As an altemative to129I measurement by X-ray spectrometry or ICPMS, we explored the possibilities of activation analysis using thermal or 14 MeV neutrons. Preliminary qualitative measurements were done with samples of about 5 mg. These samples were exposed to two neutron sources:252Cf and DT neutron generator. The most interesting reaction is the neutron capture which leads to useful signatures at 536.1, 668.5, and 739.5 keV, associated with a half-life of 12.36 h.

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The pyrolysis of a suite of brown coal samples and bituminous coal maceral concentrates is investigated by non-isothermal thermogravimetry. The TG data for these coals reveal a two-stage pyrolysis process. The activation energy for the primary pyrolysis stage is considerably higher than that for the secondary pyrolysis stage. It is evident that a particular coal may be characterised by the weighted mean apparent pyrolysis activation energy which correlates with the corresponding specific energy of the coal.

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A total of 232 accessions of tetraploid species, durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum Desf., 2n=4x=28, AABB) with a widespread origin of various countries were used in this study. Their high molecular weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS) composition was identified by Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Among all accessions analyzed, 194 were homogeneous for HMW-GS, 38 were heterogeneous, and 62 possessed unusual or new subunits. The results revealed a total of 43 alleles, including 5 at Glu-A1 and 38 at Glu-B1, resulting in 60 different allele combinations. The Glu-B1 locus displayed higher variation compared with Glu-A1. Glu-A1c (55.2%) and Glu-B1aj (17.7%) were the most frequent alleles at Glu-A1 and Glu-B1, respectively. Two allele types (“null” and 1) at the Glu-A1 locus and three allele types (7OE + 8, 14+15, 8) at the Glu-B1 locus appeared to be the common types in the 232 accessions. A total of 23 new alleles represented by unusual subunits were detected at the Glu-A1 and the Glu-B1 locus.

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Abstract  

Rare earth complexes ofm-nitrobenzoic acid (LnL3·2H2O,Ln=La-Lu and Y, except Pm, HL=m-nitrobenzoic acid) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, chemical analysis, IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The dehydration behaviour of these complexes was studied in detail by means of TG-DTA and DSC. Dehydration occurs over the temperature range 76–215°C, and the temperature of formation of the anhydrous complexes decreases with increasing atomic number of the rare earth. The activation energies and enthalpy changes for te dehydration were obtained.

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Abstract  

In the present work a study was made for determining colour intensities using as luminous non-monochromatic source the Cherenkov emission produced in the walls of a glass capillary which acts as luminous source itself inside of a coloured solution to be evaluated. The reproducibility of this method has been compared with the spectrophotometric assay; the relative errors of both analytical methods have been calculated for different concentrations of congo red solution in the range of minimal error, according to Ringbom's criterion. The sensitivity of this analytical method has been studied for the two β-emitters employed:90Sr/90Y and204Tl.

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Abstract  

Sequestration of radioactive nickel (63Ni2+) in fly ash coming from hospital wastes incineration plant by incorporating nano-goethite as a function of pH, particle size and the ratio of solid and liquid was investigated under the batch leaching experiments. The synthetic nanogoethite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and specific surface area (SSA). The admired needle nanogoethite was obtained in terms of XRD, TEM and SSA analysis. Approximate 5% of 63Ni2+ was desorbed from the nanogoethite/fly ash composite under the circum natural pH conditions. The ratio of solid to liquid has little effect on desorption of 63Ni2+ from nanogoethite/fly ash composite. These results indicate that the radioactive nickel in fly ash can be sequestrated by incorporating nanogoethite. The results may play significantly a role in immobilization in situ of trace radionuclides in the natural environment.

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