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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: T. Nagaishi, S. Ishiyama, J. Yoshimura, M. Matsumoto, and S. Yoshinaga

The reaction between ammonium sulphate with aluminium oxide was studied. It was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and chemical analysis that three intermediate reaction products, (NH4)3Al(SO4)3, NH4Al(SO4)2 and Al2(SO4)3, are formed. The thermal decompositions of these three compounds were carried out. It has been shown that the same rate law is valid for them. The activation energies for (NH4)3Al(SO4)3, NH4Al(SO4)2 and Al2(SO4)3 are 95.9, 177.9 and 291.0 kj/mol, respectively.

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Abstract  

Eighteen trace elements, including seven rare earth elements (REEs), and major and minor elements in the sediment samples from the Japan Sea and the northwestern Pacific near Japan were determined with instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). Most REE patterns (chondrite-nomalized) of the sediments were nearly identical to the patterns of terrigenous materials without cerium anomaly whereas the La/Yb ratio varied with the site locations. The variation of the La/Yb ratio of the sediments may indicate the regional variation of the mixing proportion of the terrigenous materials from the continent to the materials from the volcanic island arcs including the Japanese islands. The Th/Sc ratio of the sediments tended to increase with distance from the island-arc volcanism. Regional variation of the Th/Sc ratio may indicate variation of amount of the continental terrigenous materials supplied to the sediments.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: T. Tanaka, M. Mukai, T. Maeda, J. Matsumoto, H. Ogawa, Zhentang Li, Xudong Wang, Zhiwen Fan, Liangtian Guo, and Cunli Liu

Abstract  

Migration experiments with 237Np(V) and 241Am(III) have been performed using a column system, packed with loess, taken from Shanxi, China. The adsorption mechanism of 237Np and 241Am on the loess was examined by a chemical extraction method. Most of 237Np was adsorbed on the influent edge of the column, and the adsorbtion was mainly controlled by surface complexation. However, the migration of 237Np in loess media could be roughly evaluated by the distribution coefficient. In the case of 241Am, particulate, the 241Am species was formed in the influent solution and moved in the column. The 241Am adsorbed on loess was controlled by irreversible reactions. The migration behavior of particulate 241Am in loess media could be expressed by the filtration theory.

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