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Abstract  

Some factors which could adversely affect the integrity of eight routine99mTc radiopharmaceuticals have been investigated. The radiochemical purity of the preparations was determined both under standard (reconstitution according to the manufacturer's instructions) and under experimental conditions (higher contents of longlived99Tc and copper). The influence of radiolytically produced hydrogen peroxide as well as the effect of introduction of air during the addition of pertechnetate as an example of poor labeling technique were examined. The radiochemical analyses were performed by paper and TL chromatography and electrophoresis.

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Abstract  

The crystallization of K2O·TiO2·3GeO2 glass under non-isothermal condition was studied. In powdered glass with particle sizes less than 0.15 mm, surface crystallization was dominant and an activation energy of crystal growth of E a,s=327±50 kJ mol−1 was calculated. In the size range 0.15 to 0.45 mm, both surface and volume crystallization occurred. For particle sizes >0.45 mm, volume crystallization dominated with spherulitic morphology of the crystals growth and E a,v=359±64 kJ mol−1 was calculated.

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Acta Mathematica Hungarica
Authors:
Lj. B. Ćirić
,
Lj. B. Ćirić
,
Lj. B. Ćirić
,
N. T. Nikolić
,
N. T. Nikolić
,
N. T. Nikolić
,
Ume J. S.
,
Ume J. S.
, and
Ume J. S.

Summary  

Recently, Pathak [13] has made an extension of the notion of compatibility to weak compatibility, and extended the coincidence theorem for compatible mappings in Kaneko and Sessa [11] to weakly compatible mappings [13]. In the present paper, we define a new class of weakly compatible mappings (Definition 4) and prove some common fixed point theorems for these mappings, which satisfy Condition (2) below. Although our main theorem is formulated for weakly compatible mappings, its corresponding formulation for commutative mappings is also a new result, thus presenting a generalization of some theorems of Fisher, Das and Naik, Khan and Kubiaczyk, Reich, Ćirić and Rhoades and Watson.

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Scientometrics
Authors:
N. Nikolic
,
J.-L. Baglinière
,
C. Rigaud
,
C. Gardes
,
M. L. Masquilier
, and
C. Taverny

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the research trends and the evolution of publications covered on diadromous fish from 1970s to 2010. We conducted a bibliometric analysis on seven patrimonial species: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Brown and Sea trout (Salmon trutta), Allis shad (Alosa alosa), Twaite shad (Alosa fallax), Eel (Anguilla Anguilla), Sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) and River lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis). We used bibliometric techniques on the total number of research (articles, books, and conferences) in all country in function of main fields such as growth/age, reproduction, migration, habitat, aquaculture, diseases, diet, abundance, fisheries, climate change, toxicology, dams/fishways, genetics, taxonomy, modelling, resource management, and stocking. The results revealed a clear difference in the evolution of scientific studies by species and by countries. The analysis comparisons showed the intensity of certain topics by species with the emergence of new ones, the economic impact on sciences and the increased support of conservation plan management for certain species, such as salmon and lamprey in France. This study also emerged that French research is not always consistent with the international trend which suggests the dominance of management systems on scientific studies.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Sz. Jánosi
,
Margit Kulcsár
,
P. Kóródi
,
L. Kátai
,
J. Reiczigel
,
S. J. Dieleman
,
Judit Anna Nikolic
,
G. Sályi
,
Piroska Ribiczey-Szabó
, and
Gy. Huszenicza

The energy imbalance related predisposition to mastitis was studied in group-fed postpartum dairy cows (n = 333) kept in 4 large-scale units and producing milk of low somatic cell count (SCC). Blood samples were taken on Days 1-3 after calving for assaying some metabolites and hormones related to the negative energy balance (NEB). If mastitis was diagnosed later, aseptic milk samples were taken to identify the pathogens. Considering pathogen types [contagious pathogens: Staphylococcus (S.) aureus, Gram-positive (GP) environmental pathogens, and Gram-negative (GN) environmental pathogens + mastitis with no detectable pathogens (NDP)] separately, stepwise logistic regression was used to analyse the relation between the potential prognostic value of hormones and metabolites and mastitis outbreak. Only the elevated (= 1.00 mmol/l) serum ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) levels predisposed the cows to mastitis in the subsequent 4 weeks. This prognostic value of BHB was significant only in GN + NDP mastitis and in cases caused by GP environmental pathogens, but not in S. aureus mastitis (odds ratio: 5.333, 3.600 and 1.333, respectively).

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Margit Kulcsár
,
Gabriella Dankó
,
Carole Delavaud
,
C. Mircu
,
Anna J. Nikolic
,
A. Gáspárdy
,
H. Cernescu
,
Y. Chilliard
,
S. Cseh
,
P. Rudas
, and
Gy. Huszenicza

Ketosis was diagnosed in a flock of Merino ewes that conceived from synchronised oestrus in the early autumn period. On day 140 of pregnancy the ewes were sampled for determination of βOH-butyrate (BHB), AST, glucose, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), total cholesterol (TCH), insulin, T4, T3, cortisol, IGF-1 and leptin. The results were evaluated according to the number of fetuses born some days later and the presence of hyperketonaemia (BHB: ≥ 1.60 mmol/l). In May, about 3 months after lambing, cyclic ovarian function was induced (Cronolone + eCG), and the ewes were inseminated artificially (AI) 48 h after the removal of gestagen-containing sponge. At the time of AI and 10 days later blood samples were collected again to check the plasma levels of the same constituents as previously (in samples taken at AI), and to monitor the ovarian response by assaying progesterone (in both samples). On day 140 of gestation significantly lower BHB levels were detected in dams with single (n = 41) than in those with twin (n = 57) pregnancies. Hyperketonaemia was found only in ewes bearing twins (n = 27). These animals had higher NEFA and cortisol, and lower TCH, insulin, IGF-1, leptin and T3 levels than their normoketonaemic twin-bearing flock-mates, and those with single pregnancy. The blood glucose concentrations varied within a wide range, and the means of groups did not exhibit any significant differences. The formerly hyperketonaemic individuals were characterised by lower leptin level 3 months after lambing, and they showed a poorer response to the cycle-induction procedure than the others. The non-responders had lower IGF-1 and leptin levels than those ovulated after this treatment. It was concluded that the subclinical form of ovine ketosis is characterised by complex endocrine alterations, reflecting an obvious form of negative energy balance. If attempts to induce cyclic ovarian function outside the breeding season are made soon after lambing, the ovarian response and fertility of these ewes may also be depressed.

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors:
Z. Dakić
,
A. Nikolić
,
L. Lavadinović
,
M. Pelemiš
,
I. Klun
,
O. Dulović
,
B. Milošević
,
G. Stevanović
,
I. Ofori-Belić
,
J. Poluga
,
Olgica Djurković-Djaković
, and
M. Pavlović

Abstract

Background

Travel to the tropics is associated with a risk of parasitic infection, which is increasing in parallel with the rise in travel to these areas. We thus examined the prevalence and trend in the occurrence of parasitic infections in Serbian travelers.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of the medical records of all travelers returning from tropical and subtropical areas, who presented at the Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases in Belgrade between January 2001 and January 2008, was performed.

Results

Of a total of 2440 travelers, 169 (6.9%) were diagnosed with a parasitic infection, including malaria in 79, intestinal parasites in 84 (pathogenic species in 30 and non-pathogenic in 54), filariasis in four, and visceral leishmaniasis and fascioliasis in one patient each. Importantly, of the whole series only 583 (23.9%) were symptomatic, of which 19.4% were found to be infected with a parasite. The single pathogenic parasite occurring in asymptomatic patients was Giardia intestinalis.

Conclusions

Parasitic infection causing symptomatic disease among travelers returning from tropical areas to Serbia is not infrequent. In view of the expected increase in travel to the tropics, diagnostic protocols for tropical parasitic diseases should take these data into account.

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