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  • Author or Editor: J. Orbán x
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Summary  

The thermodynamic properties of the cardiac and skeletal a-actin isoforms were studied to characterize the molecular bases of the functional differences between them with the method of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The thermal properties of the actin filaments were described in the presence of calcium and magnesium ions as well. Based on the calculated free energy changes the α-cardiac actin filaments appeared to be more stable in its physiologically more relevant, magnesium saturated form. The magnesium saturated form of the α-cardiac actin filaments seemed to be more stable compared to the calcium saturated form of it. The enthalpy and entropy changes could differentiate between the α-cardiac and α-skeletal actin isoforms and between the calcium and magnesium saturated cardiac actin isoforms as well. Our results can demonstrate that the few differences between the amino acid sequences of the α-actin isoforms have an influence on the thermal properties and maybe on the function of these proteins as well.

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Abstract  

The effect of phalloidin on the thermal stability of skeletal actin filaments polymerized from ADP-binding monomers was investigated with the method of differential scanning calorimetry. Phalloidin shifted the melting temperature of the ADP-F-actin from 59.1±1.0 to 80.0±1.2°C. The stabilizing effect of phalloidin propagated cooperatively along the filament. The cooperativity factor according to the applied model was 1.07±0.11. With these measurements it was possible to demonstrate that the binding of phalloidin has lower influence on the adjacent protomers in ADP- (k=1) than in ATP-actin filaments (k=3).

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Abstract  

In the course of the formulation of coated dosage forms, the selection of the suitable composition of the coating system is of great importance in respect of the final dosage form. Since the applied coating systems are multicomponent, the possible interactions between the components determine the physico-chemical stability of the formulated dosage form, the drug release process, as well as the formulation parameters. In the present study, the influence of the applied plasticizer, dibutyl sebacate on the enthalpy relaxation of casted Eudragit L 30D films was determined as a function of the plasticizer concentration. The enthalpy relaxation was recorded by DSC during the applied isothermal recovery process of Eudragit films. The obtained results indicate that enthalpy relaxation can be measured by DSC at 20 mass/mass% dibutyl sebacate concentration, which refers to the increased molecular mobility consequently to the effect of the interaction between the polymer and plasticizer.

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Summary  

The effect of pH was characterised on the thermal stability of magnesium saturated skeletal and cardiac α-actin isoforms with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at pH 7.0 and 8.0. The calorimetric curves were further analysed to calculate the enthalpy and transition entropy changes. The activation energy was also determined to describe the energy consumption of the initiation of the thermal denaturation process. Although the difference in T mvalues is too small to interpret the difference between the a-actin isoforms, the values of the activation energy indicated that the α-skeletal actin is probably more stable compared to the α-cardiac actin. The difference in the activation energies indicated that lowering the pH can produce a more stable protein matrix in both cases of the isoforms. The larger range of the difference in the values of the activation energies suggested that the α-cardiac actin is probably more sensitive to the change of the pH compared to the α -skeletal actin.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Orbán, Kinga Pozsonyi, Krisztina Szarka, Szilvia Barkó, Emőke Bódis, and D. Lőrinczy

Abstract  

The thermodynamic properties of the ADP- and ATP-actin filaments were compared by the method of differential scanning calorimetry. The lower melting point for the ADP-F-actin filament (58.4 vs. 64.5°C for ATP-F-actin) indicated that compared to the ATP-actin filaments its structure was less resistant to heat denaturation. The detailed thermodynamic characterisation of the proteins was carried out by the analysis of the calorimetric enthalpy, the entropy and the free enthalpy changes. All of the determined parameters gave lower values to the ADP-actin filaments than to the ATP-actin filaments. The calculated values of the activation energy also demonstrated that compared to the ADP-F-actin the ATP-F-actin was thermodynamically more resistant to the denaturing effect of heat. Based on all of this information we have concluded that the actin filament prepared from ADP containing magnesium saturated actin monomers at pH 8.0 is thermodynamically less stable than the ones obtained from ATP-actin monomers.

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Abstract  

The effect of phalloidin on filaments polymerized from ADP-actin monomers of the heart muscle was investigated with differential scanning calorimetry. Heart muscle contains α-skeletal and α-cardiac actin isoforms. In the absence of phalloidin the melting temperature was 55°C for the α-cardiac actin isoform and 58°C for the α-skeletal one when the filaments were generated from ADP-actin monomers. After the binding of phalloidin the melting temperature was isoform independent (85.5°C). We concluded that phalloidin stabilized the actin filaments of α-skeletal and α-cardiac actin isoforms to the same extent when they were polymerized from ADP-actin monomers.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: J. Saju, Sz. Németh, Réka Szűcs, Rashmi Sukumaran, Z. Lim, L. Wong, L. Orbán, and M. Bercsényi

The identification of three scorpionfish species, the black scorpionfish (Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus, 1758), the large-scaled scorpionfish (S. scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) and the small red scorpionfish (S. notata Rafinesque, 1810) is possible in adults by morphometry, but often problematic in juveniles due to their similar phenotypes. To develop a molecular species identification tool, first, we have analyzed the genetic similarity of the three species by a PCR-based ‘blind method’ that amplified bands from various locations of the genome. We found high levels of nucleotide similarity between S. porcus and S. scrofa, whereas S. notata showed a higher level of divergence from the other two species. Then, we have searched these patterns for differences between the genomes of Adriatic specimen of these three species and identified several species-specific products in two of them. For the third one a species-specific primer pair amplifying from the 16S ribosomal DNA was designed. One marker for each species was cloned, sequenced and converted into Sequence Characterized Amplified Region (SCAR) markers amplified by specific primer pairs. The SCAR markers amplified robust bands of limited variability from the target species, while no or only occasional weak products were obtained from the other two, proving that they can be used for molecular identification of these three species. These markers can help the conservation and future analysis of these three species as well as their possible selection programs for aquaculture purposes.

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