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  • Author or Editor: J. Pospíšil x
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Abstract  

Thermal behaviour of the glass series (100–y)[0.5ZnO0.1B2O30.4P2O5]yTiO2 (with y=0–39 mol% TiO2) was investigated by DSC and TMA. The addition of TiO2 results in a non-linear increase of glass transition temperature. The compositional dependences of thermal stability, evaluated by two criteria exhibit two maxima for the glasses doped with 10.7 and 35.9 mol% TiO2. All the glasses crystallize on heating in the temperature range of 576–670C. The crystallization mechanism was studied at the glasses with 19.4 and 35.9 mol% TiO2 and the results showed that surface nucleation mechanism prevails in these glasses over the internal one.

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This paper illustrates the application of multidisciplinary data analysis to the Carpathian-Pannonian Region and on the basis of geodetical data presents verification of a tectonic model of the Carpathian-Pannonian lithosphere with impact on the possible risk and activity of the geodynamic and kinematical zones in consequence of the post-subduction processes. This approach and analyses can be used for the analyses any Carpathian area from the point of view of the recent movements tendencies.All available mentioned geodata were verified and unified on the basis of the same scale and in the Western Carpathians on the remote sensing data, too.Independent GPS epoch-wise observing campaigns took place in several regions and the whole territory is now covered by tens of permanent stations. The long-term observational series from permanent stations generally yield reliable site velocities, however, distribution of such stations is not dense enough to provide velocity field with sufficient resolution all over the monitored region.In the paper we also shortly describe velocity fields available from various national and regional GPS geo-kinematics projects. The heterogeneous velocity fields have been homogenized and used for construction of the intraplate GPS velocities in Central and South-East Europe and their interpretation, focusing on the chosen active zone. As one of most important we consider — so called — “rebounding area” in East Carpathians. The proposed interpretation and solution enable to consider new view on the Pliocene to recent period.

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Abstract  

The possibilities were studied of the analytical application of high energy primary gamma rays from the radiative capture of slow neutrons (the NCGA-HE method) to a rapid nondestructive determination of technologically important elements (Ni, Cr, Fe, Si) in large volumes of nickel ores. Neutron source was a241Am–Be (10 Ci) isotopic source, prompt gamma radiation was detected by high resolution gamma-ray spectrometer. Detection limit for nickel was 0.2% for chromium 0.25%.

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Abstract  

The possibilities were evaluated of nondestructive determination of silicon content in large-scale samples of coal /about 20–50 kg/, based on the spectrometry of prompt -radiation from processes /n, n /, E =1779 keV and /n, /, E =3539 keV and 4935 keV. The neutron sources were either241Am–Be or252Cf located additionally in D2O moderator. A Ge/Li/ detector was used for -radiation detection. In exposure times of up to 2 h, the detection limits of 1.3% and 0.9% and accuracies of silicon determination of 0.66% and 0.40% have been achieved in case of /n, / and /n, n / processes, respectively.

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Abstract  

The possibility of determination of iron and sulphur in large-scale samples of coal /20–50 kg/, based on process /n, /, was evaluated. The spectral lines of the doublet 7631 keV and 7645 keV were used for the determination of iron, while the line at 5421 keV was used for the determination of sulphur. The neutron source was252Cf /total neutron emission at 2.5×107 s–1/ located additionally in D2O moderator. A Ge/Li/ detector was used for gamma radiation detection. The calibration dependencies of the analyzer were linear. In exposure times of up to 1 h, the detection limits of 0.34% and 0.64% and accuracies of 0.25% and 0.4% have been achieved in case of iron and sulphur, respectively.

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The aim of this study was to examine the influence of different additive contents for oxygen absorption (5, 10 and 15%) in low-density polyethylene (PELD) plastic foils and storage temperatures (4 and 28 °C) on the quality and shelf-life of sliced carrots during storage. Quality and storage-life of packaged carrots slices were determined by observing changes of mass, total carotenoide pigments, microbial counts (mesophilic aerobic bacteria, enterobacteria, sulphite-reducing clostridia, yeast and moulds), sensory quality and texture by the use of penetrometer. The PELD foils modified with 10 and 15% of oxygen absorber (O2, CO2and N2permeability at 4 °C of around 700 ml m-2d-1atm-1) were the most suitable for the storage and prevention of deterioration of minimally processed carrots. Findings indicated that in these foils the best quality and shelf-life of carrot were maintained by 6 days of storage at 4 °C, without significant changes in parameters studied. The absorber for oxygen added to the foil had no influence on the permeability to CO2, O2and N2. The permeability of foils, which were used for carrot packaging increased by the increase of storage temperature to 28 °C and decreased by decreasing the temperature to 4 °C, and was not significantly affected by the additive content either. In the same time the diffusion constants of unused and used PELD foils for carrot packaging at 4 °C and 28 °C changed according to the change of film permeability during storage at those temperatures.

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