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  • Author or Editor: J. S. Hwang x
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Abstract  

The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has launched a decommissioning program of the uranium conversion plant. The sludge waste, which was generated during the operation of the plant and stored in the lagoon, was characterized for the development of the treatment process. The physical properties were measured and chemical compositions and radiological properties analyzed. The main compounds of the sludge were ammonium nitrate, sodium nitrate, calcium nitrate, and calcium carbonate. All heavy radioactive elements such as uranium, thorium and 226Ra were precipitated and deposited at the bottom, and were not dissolved in the concentrated nitrate solution. A possible flow-scheme for processing is presented.

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Authors: G. Lamaze, R. Downing, J. Langland and S. Hwang

Abstract  

The Cold Neutron Depth Profiling (CNDP) instrument at the NIST Cold Neutron Research Facility (CNRF) is now operational. The neutron beam originates from a 16 liter D2O-ice cold source and passes through a filter of 13.5 cm of single crystal sapphire. The neutron energy spectrum may be described by a 65 K Maxwellian distribution. The sample chamber configuration allows for remote controlled scanning of 15 cm×15 cm samples and varying of both sample and detector angle. The improved sensitivity over the current thermal depth profiling instrument has permitted the first nondestructive measurements of17O profiles. Results of some of the first sample measurements are presented.

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Abstract  

The formation property of Mo precipitate was investigated and improved the existing process was using H2O2 that acts as an interfering compound in a subsequent alumina adsorption process. The property of the Mo precipitate was investigated by using SEM, FTIR, TG-DTA, and XRD. The simulated solution consisted of 1M nitric acid containing seven elements (Mo, I, Ru, Zr, Ce, Nd, Sr) and their radioactive tracers. As a result, the precipitate was composed of the Mo precipitate and re-precipitated a-benzoinoxime which was added excessively for increasing the precipitation efficiency. It was confirmed that the Mo precipitate was formed by the reaction of two a-benzoinoxime molecules and one MoO2 2+. Molybdenum precipitate was dissolved in 0.4M NaOH solution within 5 minutes without H2O2. Hydrogen peroxide induced only the rapid dissolution of the a-benzoinoxime re-precipitate. Also, the dissolution method without H2O2 was favorable in the purification aspect because Zr and Ru were contained as a small fraction of 1.3% and 7.7%, respectively, in the dissolving solution.

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Authors: H.-S. Kim, H.-S. Yang, H.-J. Kim, B.-J. Lee and T.-S. Hwang

Summary In this study, the thermal properties of agro-flour-filled polybutylene succinate (PBS) bio-composites were investigated. PBS is one of the biodegradable polymers made from the condensation reaction of glycols and dicarboxylic acid and is naturally degraded by natural soil burial system. The thermal properties of the bio-composites were analyzed according to the agro-flour content and mesh size. On increasing agro-flour content, the thermal stability, degradation temperature and derivative thermogravimetric curve (DTGmax) temperature of the bio-composites decreased while the ash content increased. The thermal degradation of the bio-composites was not affected by agro-flour mesh size. The glass transition (T g) and melting (T m) temperatures of the bio-composites were not significantly changed. The storage modulus (E’) of the bio-composites was higher than that of neat PBS, because the incorporation of agro-flour increased the stiffness of the bio-composites. At higher temperatures, E’ of the bio-composites decreased due to the increasing viscosity and chain mobility of neat PBS. The thermal properties of bio-composites have an important effect on the manufacturing system and application methods.

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Summary

A simple high-performance anion-exchange chromatography-integrated pulsed amperometric detection method was developed to determine the gammaaminobutyric acid (GABA) content in mulberry. GABA was separated in anion-exchange column under isocratic condition of 20 mM sodium hydroxide solution and detected at integrated pulsed amperometric detection at pico-gram levels. The contents of GABA in the leaf, stem, and root bark of mulberry were calculated without any derivatization or sample purification process using this method. This method showed good linearity, precision, and accuracy for GABA analysis.

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Authors: J.-M. Tseng, M.-Y. Liu, S.-L. Chen, W.-T. Hwang, J.-P. Gupta and C.-M. Shu

Abstract  

Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (MEKPO) is an unstable material above certain limits of temperature, decomposing into chain reactions by radicals. The influence of runaway reactions on this basic characteristic was assessed by evaluating kinetic parameters, such as activation energy (E a), frequency factor (A), etc., by thermal activity monitor III (TAM III). This was done under three isothermal conditions of 70, 80, and 90 °C, with MEKPO 31 mass% combined with nitric acid (HNO3 6 N) and sodium nitrate (NaNO3 6 N). Nitric acid mixed with MEKPO gave the maximum heat of reaction (△H d) and also induced serious reactions in the initial stage of exothermic process under the three isothermal temperatures. The time to maximum rate (TMR) also decreased when HNO3 was mixed with MEKPO. Thus, MEKPO combined with HNO3 6 N forms a very hazardous mixture. Results of this study will be provided to relevant plants for alerting their staff on adopting best practices in emergency response or accident control.

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Authors: K. Kim, J. Bae, B. Park, D. Ahn, S. Paek, S. Kwon, J. Shim, S. Kim, H. Lee, E. Kim and I. Hwang

Abstract  

A pyrochemical processing has become one of the potential technologies for a future nuclear fuel cycle. An integrated multi-physics simulation and electrotransport model of a molten-salt electrolytic process are proposed and discussed with respect to the recovery of pure uranium when using thermochemical data. This study has been performed to provide information for diffusion boundary layers between the molten salt (KCl-LiCl) and electrode. The diffusion-controlled electrochemical model demonstrate a prediction of the electrotransport behaviors of LWR spent fuel as a function of the time up to the corresponding electrotransport satisfying a given applied current based on a galvanostatic electrolysis.

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