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  • Author or Editor: J. Sasaki x
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Forty-five broiler arcasses from 6 different flocks were condemned due to liver lesions at processing meat inspection, and collected for pathological and bacterial examination. All affected chickens showed liver enlargement with distrahepatic bile ducts contained yellow inspissated cream-coloured material. Histopathologically, extensive proliferation of bile ductules with fibrosis was observed in interlobular connective tissue, and it spread to form bridges with adjoining triads. Destruction and obstruction of portal bile ducts with multiple granulomas due to bacterial infection and outflow of the bile were frequently observed.Many-Gram-positive bacilli were seen in the lesions, and they were identified asClostridium perfringensby indirect immunofluores en ecstaining technique.Clostridium perfringenswas isolated from affected livers. These findings are consistent with cholangiohepatitis. Therefore, it is suggested thatC. perfringensmight be important in the pathogenesis of cholangiohepatitis in broiler chickens.

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The plasmid profiles of virulent Rhodococcus equistrains isolated on three horse-breeding farms located in different parts of Hungary were investigated. From 49 soil samples collected on the three farms, 490 R. equiisolates (10 from each sample) were obtained and tested for the presence of 15- to 17-kDa antigens (VapA) by immunoblotting and PCR. Ninety-eight VapA-positive isolates were detected from 30 of the 49 culture-positive samples with a prevalence ranging from 13.1% to 23.2%. Of the 98 virulent isolates, 70 contained an 85-kb type I plasmid, 13 contained an 87-kb type I plasmid, and 15 contained an 85-kb type III plasmid which had been uniquely isolated from soil isolates in the United States. This study demonstrates that the virulent form of R. equiis very widespread in the soil environment of these stud farms in Hungary and the plasmid pattern is different from farm to farm.

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