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Abstract  

Concentrations of 35 elements in Chinese Standard Rocks (GSR-1 to GSR-3) and Soils (GSS-1 to GSS-8) have been measured with INAA using the SLOWPOKE reactor. At the same time, the U. S. NBS reference standards: SRM-1632a (Bituminous Coal), SRM-1633a (Coal Fly Ash) and SRM-1646 (Estuarine Sediment) were also analyzed in order to cross-check the accuracy of this method. The results obtained indicate that the reproducibility of the method is satisfactory for most of the elements, namely the precision in general, is better than ±10%. Comparison of our values for NBS SRM-1632a, 1633a and 1646 with the certified values of NBS or with values cited in the literature indicates good agreement. The results were found to be accurate within ±10% error of the established results.

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Abstract  

We give a new and simple proof to show that no homeomorphism of infinite compact metric spaces is positively expansive.

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Although it has been traditionally accepted that quebi 缺筆, one of the name taboo (bihui 避諱) methods, appeared in Tang Gaozong’s reign (649 – 683), a number of unexamined examples attest that quebi may have appeared in Tang Taizong’s reign (626 – 649). This advancement enhances the usage of bihui to conduct research and urges us to rethink the 7th-century development of bihui.

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Thirteen ancient Chinese manuscripts have been seen as texts of a long lost 8th-century early Chan Buddhist chronicle, the Lidai fabao ji. A number of textual indications, however, suggest that they cannot be taken as the Tang sources, because their texts have been redacted between 907 and the early 11th century. The original Tang source, Lidai fabao ji, remains mysterious to date.

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Abstract  

The kinetics of thermal decomposition of a series of uranyl nitrate complexes with N-alkylcaprolactams (alkyl=C2H5, C4H9, C6H13, C8H17, C10H21 or C12H25) was studied by means of non-isothermal gravimetry under a nitrogen atmosphere. From the TG-DTG curves, the kinetic parameters relating to the loss of two molecules of coordinated ligand were obtained by employing two groups of methods: (I) a group of conventional methods involving the Coast-Redfern, Freeman-Carroll, Horowitz-Metzger, Dharwadkar-Karkhanavala and Doyle (modified by Zsakó) equations; (II) a new method were suggested by J. Máleket al.. The results obtained using two types of methods were compared, and it emerged that the results of method II were much more meaningful and reasonable in this work. Additionally, the effects of the molecular structure of the ligands on the kinetic data and models were studied and are discussed.

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Abstract  

The development of a new radionuclide generator, based on118Te/118Sb, has been studied. The 3.5 minute118Sb daughter activity decays principally by positron emission and has potential use as a flow tracer. The118Te parent is conveniently produced by proton bombardment of antimony targets. A simple and efficient scheme for the separation of radiotellurium from proton-irradiated antimony targets has been developed, and thin-target cross sections for121Sb(p, 4n)118Te and competing reactions have been determined. For antimony targets irradiated with 46 MeV protons, the yields (mCi/g Ah) of118Te,119mTe and119Te were measured to be 0.71, 0.33 and 1.9, respectively. The adsorption and elution characteristics of activated carbon for tellurium have been evaluated for use as a column chromatography adsorbent in a118Te/118Sb generator. The conditions for optimal118Sb elution and minimal118Te breakthrough for promising systems are presented.

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Abstract  

Barium benzoate was synthesized in a hydrothermal reaction. The complex was characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction. It was monoclinic and had a layered structure. The mechanism of thermal decomposition of the barium benzoate was studied by using TG, DTA, IR and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In a nitrogen atmosphere, the barium benzoate decomposed to form BaCO3 and organic compounds: mainly benzophenone, triphenylmethane, etc.

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Abstract  

The thermal decomposition studies for two palladium(II) complexes Pd(apyr)2Cl2 and Pd(pmpa)Cl2 (apyr=1–aminopyrene and pmpa=N–(2–pyridylmethylene)–1–pyrenylamine) were carried out in pure nitrogen using TG-DTG techniques. The non-isothermal kinetic parameters for the two complexes were evaluated employing the method suggested by Málek, esták, Koga et al. Based on the above results, thermal behaviour of the complexes were carefully discussed, which showed that not only the parameters value, but also the decomposition pattern and mechanism for complex 1 are different from complex 2.

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Abstract  

The thermal behaviors of four organic solvents with/without LiPF6 were measured by C80 microcalorimeter at a 0.2�C min−1 heating rate. With the addition of 1 M LiPF6, the ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) show the exothermic peaks at elevated temperature, which lessen their stabilities. The exothermic peak temperatures of EC and PC based LiPF6 solutions are at 212 and 223�C, respectively, in argon filled vessel. However, two endothermic peak temperatures were detected in diethyl carbonate (DEC) based LiPF6 solution at 182 and 252.5�C, respectively, in argon filled vessel. Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) based LiPF6 solution shows two endothermic peak temperatures at 68.5 and 187�C in argon filled vessel at elevated temperature. Consequently, it is concluded that LiPF6 play a key role in the thermal behavior of its organic solution.

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Abstract  

In this paper, several small-scale screening test methods were discussed on evaluating the thermal hazard of reactive substances. Generally the sensitivities of DSC and ARC are not high enough to evaluate the thermal hazards for all reactive substance, especially, for those of complex reactions containing a phase and/or chemical reaction mechanism change in the lower temperature range. Using the C80, however, the reaction can easily be detected in the lower temperature range due to its high sensitivity. Therefore, the C80 gives generally more accurate results than DSC and ARC. Data from C80 and Dewar vessel were compared and it indicates that the Dewar vessel has also high enough sensitivity to evaluate the thermal hazard and determine the heat flux in lower temperature range of reactive substances.

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