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  • Author or Editor: J. Wills x
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We consider finite packings of unit-balls in Euclidean 3-spaceE 3 where the centres of the balls are the lattice points of a lattice polyhedronP of a given latticeL 3⊃E3. In particular we show that the facets ofP induced by densest sublattices ofL 3 are not too close to the next parallel layers of centres of balls. We further show that the Dirichlet-Voronoi-cells are comparatively small in this direction. The paper was stimulated by the fact that real crystals in general grow slowly in the directions normal to these dense facets.

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In vivo neutron activation analysis was used to examine the total body and partial body (hand) aluminum levels in patients with end-stage renal failure. Patients maintained on chronic hemodialysis had higher mean body burdens of aluminum than, did those clinically managed without dialysis. Approximately 70% of the patients examined indicated elevated levels of body or skeletal aluminum. A significant correlation was observed between the in vivo aluminum/calcium ratio obtained for the hand measurement and the increase in serum aluminum levels following a disferroxamine infusion test. The direct in vivo monitoring of hand Al/Ca values in patients may provide an alternate choice to bone biopsy for the detection of aluminum intoxication.

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Thermogravimetry combined with mass spectrometry has been used to study the thermal decomposition of a synthetic hydronium jarosite. Five mass loss steps are observed at 262, 294, 385, 557 and 619C. The mass loss step at 557C is sharp and marks a sharp loss of sulphate as SO3 from the hydronium jarosite. Mass spectrometry through evolved gases confirms the first three mass loss steps to dehydroxylation, the fourth to a mass loss of the hydrated proton and a sulphate and the final step to the loss of the remaining sulphate. Changes in the molecular structure of the hydronium jarosite were followed by infrared emission spectroscopy. This technique allows the infrared spectrum at the elevated temperatures to be obtained. Infrared emission spectroscopy confirms the dehydroxylation has taken place by 400 and the sulphate loss by 650C. Jarosites are a group of minerals formed in evaporite deposits and form a component of the efflorescence. The minerals can function as cation and heavy metal collectors. Hydronium jarosite has the potential to act as a cation collector by the replacement of the proton with a heavy metal cation.

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Thermogravimetry combined with mass spectrometry has been used to study the thermal decomposition of a synthetic ammonium jarosite. Five mass loss steps are observed at 120, 260, 389, 510 and 541°C. Mass spectrometry through evolved gases confirms these steps as loss of water, dehydroxylation, loss of ammonia and loss of sulphate in two steps. Changes in the molecular structure of the ammonium jarosite were followed by infrared emission spectroscopy (IES). This technique allows the infrared spectrum at the elevated temperatures to be obtained. IES confirms the dehydroxylation to have taken place by 300°C and the ammonia loss by 450°C. Loss of the sulphate is observed by changes in band position and intensity after 500°C.

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