Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 160 items for

  • Author or Editor: J. Zhang x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

The thermotropic phase transitions in the perovskite type layer compound (n-C10H21NH3)2MnCl4 and (n-C14H29NH3)2MnCl4 were synthesized and, at the same time, a series of their mixtures C10Mn-C14Mn were prepared. The experimental binary phase diagram of C10Mn-C14Mn was established by differential thermal analysis (DTA), IR and X-ray diffraction. In the phase diagram new material (n-C10H21NH3)(n-C14H29NH3)MnCl4 and two eutectoid invariants were observed, two eutectic points temperatures are about 29.8 and 27.9°C. Contrasting other similar system, there are three noticeable solid solution ranges (α, β, γ) at the left and right boundary and middle of the phase diagram.

Restricted access

Abstract  

As a consequence of their excellent barrier properties vinyl chloride/vinylidene chloride copolymers have long been prominent in the flexible packaging market. While these polymers possess a number of superior characteristics, they tend to undergo thermally- induced degradative dehydrochlorination at process temperatures. This degradation must be controlled to permit processing of the polymers. Three series of N-substituted maleimides (N-alkyl-, N-aralkyl, and N-aryl) have been synthesized, characterized spectroscopically, and evaluated as potential stabilizers for a standard vinyl chloride/vinylidene chloride (85 mass%) copolymer. As surface blends with the polymer, these compounds are ineffective as stabilizers. However, significant stabilization may be achieved by pretreatment of the polymer with N-substituted maleimides. The most effective stabilization of the polymer is afforded by N-aralkyl- or N-arylmaleimides, most notably, N-benzylmaleimide and N-p-methoxyphenylmaleimide.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Thermal decomposition of potassium chlorate in the presence of various additives is studied using thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis. Catalytic effects of metal oxides with comparable surface areas are compared, and the catalytic effects of a number of nonoxide additives are also studied. The nonoxide additives show catalytic activities similar to the corresponding metal oxides. Metal cations and their electron configurations determine the catalytic activity of various compounds. Metal cations with partially filledd shells have the highest activity, transition metal cations with completely emptyd orbitals are moderated active, and metal cations with completely filledd shells or noble gas configurations have minimum activity.

Restricted access

The Taihang Mountain Range is located at E112°50′–114°30′, N35°20′–39°30′ in North China. This study aimed to reveal relationships between plant communities, soil variables and topographic variables. Floristic data and environmental data from sixty-eight quadrats of 10 m × 20 m along an elevation gradient from 1050 to 2180 m were analysed by TWINSPAN, DCA and CCA. Eight vegetation formations were recognized, all secondary successional stages following the original broad-leaved deciduous forests’ distraction by human activities. The results showed that the community patterns are related to both soil variables and topographic variables. Among the soil variables, soil N, P, K and organic matter were found to be the most important factors forcing the spatial patterns of plant communities. The vegetation patterns were also significantly correlated with the topographic variables, elevation, slope and aspect. Interactions between the environmental variables were significant. It is concluded that further measures for the conservation of vegetation and protection of soils in the Taihang Mountains must be undertaken.

Restricted access

Chlorophyll content is positively correlated with photosynthetic rate. However, little is known about the genetic correlation between grain yield and chlorophyll content in the same wheat mapping population. The primary goal of the study was to detect the genetic basis of grain yield and chlorophyll content and their possible roles in the genetic improvement of grain yield in wheat. Here, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for grain yield and chlorophyll content were studied using a set of 168 doubled haploid (DH) lines derived from a cross between two elite Chinese wheat cultivars, Huapei 3×Yumai 57. The DH population and parents were evaluated for grain yield and chlorophyll content in three environments. A total of 11 additive QTLs and 6 pairs of epistatic QTLs were detected for grain yield and chlorophyll content. Loci, such as Xcfd53, Xwmc718 , and Xwmc215 on chromosomes (e.g. 2D, 4A, and 5D) simultaneously controling grain yield and chlorophyll content, showed tight linkages or pleiotropisms. Three novel major QTLs, qGY5D, qChla5D , and qChlb5D , closely linked with the PCR marker Xwmc215 on chromosome 5D, accounted for 10.32%, 12.95%, and 23.29% of the phenotypic variance, respectively. The favorable alleles came from Yumai 57.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The complexes of [Sm(o-MOBA)3bipy]2·H2O and [Sm(m-MOBA)3bipy]2·H2O (o(m)-MOBA = o(m)-methoxybenzoic acid, bipy-2,2′-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV, XRD and molar conductance, respectively. The thermal decomposition processes of the two complexes were studied by means of TG–DTG and IR techniques. The thermal decomposition kinetics of them were investigated from analysis of the TG and DTG curves by jointly using advanced double equal-double steps method and Starink method. The kinetic parameters (activation energy E and pre-exponential factor A) and thermodynamic parameters (ΔH , ΔG and ΔS ) of the second-step decomposition process for the two complexes were obtained, respectively.

Restricted access

Summary

High-performance capillary electrophoresis with amperometric detection (CE-AD) has been used for analysis of eight bioactive components of the leaves, stems, and roots of Valeriana wallichii DC, after a relatively simple extraction procedure with ethanol. Under the optimum conditions, the eight components can be well separated or (apigenin and luteolin) separated nearly to baseline within 23 min by use of 50 mM borax (pH 9.2) as running buffer and a separation potential of 16 kV. Linearity was excellent over two orders of magnitude of concentration and detection limits (S/N = 3) ranged from 1.7 × 10−7 to 1.8 × 10−8 g mL−1. This method was used for comparison of the concentrations of the bioactive compounds in different parts of the plant on the basis of their electropherograms or ‘characteristic electrochemical profiles’. Assay results were satisfactory.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Heat capacities of both the ingot-like and melt-spun Al-Sr alloys have been measured through the temperature range 373 to 1060 K using differential scanning calorimetry. The experimental results show that rapid solidification has a slight effect on the temperature dependence of the heat capacities of the Al-Sr alloys. The heat capacities of the melt-spun Al-Sr alloys increase more slowly than those of the ingot-like alloys with increasing temperature from 373 to 900 K. Furthermore, the effect of rapid solidification on the heat capacities becomes more obvious with increasing Sr concentration in the Al-Sr alloys. The data of the heat capacities between 373 and 900 K have been fitted with the least square method and a linear dependence on temperature was assumed for that temperature range.

Restricted access

The introgressed alien chromosome in BC 10 F 5 progeny of the cross between common wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) and Agropyron elongatum (Host) (2n=7X=70) [syn. Thinopyrum ponticum (Popd.) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey] was determined by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using genomic DNA from A. elongatum as a probe in GISH and repeat sequence pAs1, pSc119.2 as probes in FISH, and molecular marker techniques. The results revealed that the line was a chromosome additional line in which a pair of the chromosomes added was composed of chromosome segment from E-genome of A. elongatum and short arm of 5B of common wheat cultivar Gao 38 identified by E-genome-specific primers. Powdery mildew test showed the line was highly resistant to powdery mildew as its A. elongatum parent and this indicated that the gene of resistant to powdery mildew might come from A. elongatum and localized on E-genome.

Restricted access

An allometric analysis of biomass and N mass allocation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings under non-shaded (100% of full sunlight) and shaded (30% of full sunlight) treatments were conducted. The allometric slopes and the intercepts were estimated using standardized major axis regression. Results indicated that biomass was preferentially allocated to stems during plant ontogeny, and leaves and roots were isometric when rice seedlings were not shaded. Under shade, however, more biomass was allocated to leaves and stems. N mass allocation was also altered by shading in that more N mass was allocated to the aerial shoots, and plants accumulated less N mass when shaded. Our study revealed that both biomass and N mass were in accordance with the optimal partitioning theory.

Restricted access