The radiochemical method has been used for investigation of the adsorption of radium on eighteen inorganic ion exchangers. The distribution coefficient of radium obtained are as follows: barite 2955, celestite 2420, BaSO4 4350, BaCrO4 5245, Ba3(PO4)2 5775, MnO2·nH2O 1681, La2O3·nH2O 4150, Zerolit S/F 2920, etc.
Phenolic extract from banana peel was extracted with 95% ethanol and characterized by LC-TOF-MS/MS. Epicatechin, rutin, 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, myricetin, ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, and gallic acid were detected in the extract. Cholate test was performed for the initial examination of the hypolipidemic effect of the dietary fibres. The dietary fibres prepared by sequential treatment with sulphuric acid then sodium hydroxide (SST) and sodium hydroxide treatment (SHT) had high water-holding capacities (7.48 and 6.91 g g−1) and swelling capacities (4.8 and 4.3 ml g−1). The dietary fibres prepared by sequential treatment with trypsin then sulphuric acid (TST) and sulphuric acid treatment (SAT) had high oil-holding capacities (5.52 and 5.10 g g−1) and enhanced capacities for sodium cholate adsorption. Results indicated the potentials of banana peel as functional ingredient in food applications.
The thermal behavior of[Eu2(BA)6(dmbpy)2] (BA=C7H5O
, benzoate; dmbpy=C12H12N2, 4,4-dimethyl-2,2-bipyridine) and its kinetics were studied under the non-isothermal condition in a static air atmosphere by TG-DTG, IR and SEM methods. Thermal decomposition of [Eu2(BA)6(dmbpy)2] occurred in four consecutive stages at TP 232, 360, 455 and 495°C. The kinetic parameters were obtained from analysis of the TG-DTG curves by Achar and Madhusudanan—Krishnan—Ninan (MKN) methods. The most probable mechanisms for the first stage was suggested by comparing the kinetics parameters.
The complex of [Tb2(o-MBA)6(PHEN)2] (o-MBA: o-methylbenzoate and PHEN:1,10-phenanthroline) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy.
The thermal behavior of [Tb2(o-MBA)6(PHEN)2] in dynamic nitrogen atmosphere was investigated by TG-DTG techniques. The thermal decomposition process of the [Tb2(o-MBA)6(PHEN)2] occurred in three consecutive stages at Tp 294, 427 and 512C. The kinetic parameters and mechanisms of first decomposition stage from analysis of the TG-DTG curves
were obtained by the Malek method.
Authors:J.-J. Zhang, R.-F. Wang, S.-P. Wang, H.-M. Liu, J.-B. Li, and J.-H. Bai
The complex of [Tb2(p-ClBA)6(PHEN)2] [(p-ClBA: p-chlorobenzoate and PHEN: 1,10-phenanthroline) was prepared and characterized by elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy. The
thermal behavior of [Tb2(p-ClBA)6(PHEN)2] in dynamic nitrogen atmosphere was investigated by TG-DTG, SEM and IR techniques. By the kinetic method of processing thermal
analysis data put forward by Malek et al., it is defined that the kinetic model for the first-step thermal decomposition is SB(m,n). The activation energy E and the pre-exponential factor lnA for this step reaction are 164 kJ mol-1 and
32.80, respectively. The lifetime equation at mass loss of 10% was deduced as lnτ=(-33.0569+20512.36/T by isothermal thermogravimetric
Authors:J. Wang, R. Ballad, P. Grimaldi, and W. Lei
A manganese dioxide coprecipitation procedure is utilized to replace a time-consuming evaporation step for the extraction
of thorium, uranium and cerium from freshwater samples. The average recovery for 20-liter samples is greater than 95% for234Th and144Ce. The data indicate that the manganese dioxide coprecipitation process does not affect the recovery of thorium and uranium
during our routine analytical procedure.
A 18-mer partial phosphorothioate oligonucleotide sequence was synthesized and grafted in 5′ with a tyramine group which was
further radioiodinated. The Namalwa (VH 1 family) and HL-60 cell lines were transducted with liposome-mediated 125I-FR1-ASON. Liposome-mediated 131I-FR1-ASON and 131I labeled sense oligonucleotides were injected intratumorally into tumor-bearing BALB/c mice (6 weeks after inoculation of
107 Namalwa cells). Biodistribution was monitored by sequential scintigraphy and organ radioactivity measurement at 24 hours
after injection. The transduction efficiency in Namalwa cell lines reached (26.8±1.54)% that was higher than HL-60 cell lines.
Antisense probe images show tracer accumulation in tumor.
In order to identify the kinetic process of self-heating in DSC experiment for Ti+3Al→TiAl3 reaction, two approaches, linear-fitting approach developed from Semenov"s theory of spontaneous ignition and variation of
Friedman method, were carried out with cylindrical Ti-75 at% Al samples. Following these approaches, two identical activation
energies are obtained as 16915 kJ mol-1 and 1705 kJ mol-1, respectively. Compared with the activation energies of reactions and interdiffusions between Ti and Al, the possible rate-controlling
process of self-heating in DSC experiment for Ti+3Al→TiAl3 reaction is the interdiffusion between Ti and Al through TiAl3-layer.
Authors:W. N. Zhou, J. Ouyang, Z. H. Wang, X. Y. Wang, Y. R. Suo, Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang
Elsholtzia densa Benth. var. densa (Lamiaceae) is a famous medicinal herb which has been widely used for treatment of colds, headaches, pharyngitis, fever, diarrhea, digestion disorder, rheumatic arthritis, nephritises, and nyctalopia in China. In this study, fraction of the ethyl alcohol extract of E. densa (aerial part) by different polarity solvents indicated that the ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibited a potent 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity with the IC50 value of 148.2 μg/mL. Under the target guidance of DPPH experiment, isoquercitrin, trachelogenin, ethyl caffeate, and arctigenin were separated with purities 95.98%, 92.98%, 96.07%, and 88.83%, respectively, by a dual-mode high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) method using n-hexane–ethyl acetate–methanol–water (4.5:5:3:4, v/v/v/v) as the solvent system. In order to evaluate the scientific basis, antioxidant activity of four isolated compounds was assessed by the radical scavenging effect on DPPH radical; isoquercitrin and ethyl caffeate showed stronger antioxidant activities with IC50 values of 9.4 μg/mL and 9.2 μg/mL, respectively, while trachelogenin and arctigenin showed weak antioxidant activities with IC50 values of >500 μg/mL and 72.8 μg/mL, respectively. Results of the present study indicated that the combinative method using DPPH antioxidant assay and dual-mode HSCCC could be widely applied for rapid screening and isolating of antioxidants from complex traditional Chinese medicine extract.