Authors:Rigas Arvanitis, Roland Waast, and Jacques Gaillard
PASCAL, whose troublesome artefacts we highlight, also has its strong points (multidisciplinarity, codification of the topic of each article, better coverage of some countries). As other sources, it shows that the current decade is one of crisis in African research. However, developments are highly contrasted, depending on the discipline and the regions. To the north of Africa, the Maghreb is witnessing an unprecedented gain in power. Nigerian science is in quite the contrary situation, imploding. In the rest of Africa, classification of countries brings to evidence very striking changes in order. Basic science declines. The Agricultural and the Medical sciences are stagnating. Conversely, the Engineering sciences are growing, in particular to the North of the Sahara.
Authors:Nora Narváez-Berthelemot, Jane Russell, Rigas Arvanitis, Roland Waast, and Jacques Gaillard
The total scientific output of mainstream articles for the 15 most productive African countries for the period 1991 to 1997
was 45,080, with South Africa and Egypt publishing 15,725 and 10,433, respectively. The productions of these two top ranked
countries varied little from 1991-1997 while others such as the Maghreb countries increased between 75-102%. Total contributions
were mainly in the fields of Clinical Medicine (36%), Biology (17%), Chemistry (14%), and Biomedical Research (12%). Papers
in international collaboration were overriding in Biomedical Research, Biology, Earth and Space Science, and Physics. Institutions
in the US were the principal collaborators followed closely by those in France.