The paper represents the rapidly developing cities in China, namely Shanghai. The metropolis has become a show-case city of the Chinese economy in the last couple of decades. By means of vast investments Shanghai is constantly being renewed and re-edified. The goal of the paper is to present the transformation of the existing conditions, related to public spaces through scientific and empirical elements.
The paper shows a general introduction about the connection of cities, particularly Siófok, the ‘capital’ of Lake Balaton and water surfaces through three topics: the first part deals with the past and present of waterfronts, by exploring the most important principles in their design, then describes the significant tools and methods of the Hungarian cities around Lake Balaton, the most important water surface of Hungary, related to the areas adjacent to the water. Finally, it reveals a complex design work by the authors for refurbishing the waterfront in Siófok, based on a national competition.
Authors:Sara Elhadad, Bálint Baranyai and János Gyergyák
The energy consumption of residential buildings represents the majority part of energy usage in Egypt. The aim of this study is to assess the energy performance of a dwelling in New Minia City, Egypt through different orientations. The energy consumption of the case study building is 52560 kWh annually. However, this energy demand could be reduced by 5.8% if the building is oriented to the north direction. The difference of the energy consumption between the best and the worst building orientations, North and South, respectively, reached up to 7.5%. The location of the actual building has a noticeable effect on the energy consumption.