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  • Author or Editor: Janusz Bańczerowski x
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The aim of the present paper is to reconstruct the linguistic picture of the concept ‘mother’ formed in real social realia used by speakers of Polish and Hungarian. The questionnaires contained the following five topics: 1. Who is ‘mother’? (to give a definition of ‘mother’); 2. What features can be attributed to ‘mother’? (to list only adjectives); 3. What actions are typical of ‘mother’? (to list only verbs); 4. Describe your mother in a few words; 5. What kind of associations and emotions (both positive and negative) are evoked in you by the concept of ‘mother’? The questionnaires were filled in by 103 Polish and 139 Hungarian respondents.

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The names of peoples, nations and tribes do not only have a reference function but also evoke stereotypic forms of consciousness and thus turn into carriers of various judgments. The author reconstructs the images of the Poles and Hungarians fixed in Polish and Hungarian proverbs, demonstrating how these peoples see themselves and each other.

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The main goal of this article is to compare Polish and Hungarian proverbs and phraseological expressions including the names of some celestial bodies (the stars, the Moon, the Sun and the Earth). The analysis of the material showed the significant similarities but in some cases evident differences as well. The majority of metaphors found in proverbs and set phrases suggests anthropocentrism and shows that people do not merely acquire knowledge of and experience the world but also assess it in their own particular ways.

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In the present paper the author gives a brief survey of the main problems of the contrastive semantics, emphasizing the significance of the cognitive approach in this field. The article deals with similarities and differences between two languages on the level of meaning. The following questions are discussed: socio-cultural idiomatics, modes of lexicalization, the lack of equivalents, categorization and conceptualization of the meaning, metalinguistic structures as a means of the expression of the axiological information in Polish and Hungarian.

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This paper is an attempt to restore the linguistic image of the world recorded in the language of present-day users. The material investigated is based on a questionnaire survey (17 questionnaires, 132 Polish informants). The analysis shows that the cognitive basis of this concept is made up of some profiles, conceptualizations. It may be concluded that this concept is widely regarded as multicategorial (ontological, axiological, biological, social and religious category). The linguistic image of the lexeme ‘life’ in the opinion of the informants markedly differs from those of dictionary definitions.

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The main goal of this article is the reconstruction of the linguistic image of the concept of ‘death’ which has been registered in the actual users of the Polish language. To achieve this, we have used a questionnaire that consisted of 17 questions and was answered by 134 participants. The analysis of the material showed that the definitions found in the dictionaries that reflect the linguistic categorization and conceptualization of the reality, unfortunately, do not consider the full image of the concept of ‘death’ and do not register the actual state of it.

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The aim of this paper is to demonstrate how speakers of Polish and Hungarian conceptualize the concept of <death> and <life>, more specifically how they impersonate and animalize it. In this paper, the authors focus only on examples in which the lexemes death and life are treated as a living organism or its parts.

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The main aim of this article is to compare the Polish and Hungarian phraseological and mass media expressions concerning the name of human body. The analysis of the material showed the certain similarities but in a lot of cases evident differences as well. The majority of metaphors found in set phrases suggests anthropocentrism and shows that people not merely acquire knowledge of and experience the world but also assess it in their own particular ways. The reconstruction of the linguistic image of the world as a language- and culture-specific phenomenon makes it possible to gain a possibly adequate idea of the categorisation of the world by humans and the conceptualization of information thus attained. The conceptualization of the notion of human body includes for example: a body as a MAN; as an ENEMY; as a FLAT; as a CONTAINER, as an OBJECT; as an OBSTACLE; as a PATTERN/MODEL; as a GOODS; as an OBJECT OF ATTACK; as a MEANS OF PAYMENT, etc.

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Studia Slavica
Authors: Milan Majtán, Imre H. Tóth, and Janusz Bańczerowski
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In this paper the authors present dictionary definitions of the notion work , then they analyse the results of questionnaire materials. The questionnaire contained 16 questions, three of which concerned age, gender and educational level. The rest of the questions were as follows: 1. What does work mean to you? 2. What reaction does the word work trigger? 3. What attributes of the work do you know? 4. The aim of the work. 5. Why must we work? 6. What are the results of the work? 7. What work would you like to do? 8. What is the attitude of the society to work? 9. Why does the society consider work as a value? 10. What is your opinion about unemployment? 11. What is the ideal work? 12. Name the synonyms of the word work . 13. What songs, proverbs, idiomatic expressions, etc. do you know in connection with work? This paper does not contain the results of the last two questions.

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