An overview of the work carried out on the development of the stripping of transuranium elements which are extracted by trialkyl
phosphine oxide in the actinides-partitioning TRPO process in recent years. Several representative stripping agents and corresponding
processes are introduced in three categories of the management of TRU elements: transmutation, alpha waste conditioning and
Purex-TRPO integrated process.
This study builds the interdisciplinary knowledge network of China, which is used to catch the knowledge exchange structure of disciplines, and investigates the evolution process from 1981 to 2010. A network analysis was performed to examine the special structure and we compare state of the networks in different periods to determine how the network has got such properties. The dataset are get from the reference relationship in literature on important Chinese academic journals from 1980 to 2010. The analytical results reveal the hidden network structure of interdisciplinary knowledge flows in China and demonstrate that the network is highly connected and has a homogeneous link structure and heterogeneous weight distribution. Through comparing of the network in three periods, that is 1981–1990, 1991–2000 and 2001–2010, we find that the special evolution process, which is limited by the number of nodes, play an important influence on interdisciplinary knowledge flows.
Authors:Dongyan Liu, Xiaomin Huo, Jing Liu, Lei Shi and Qi Sun
Adding La2O3 or CeO2 to the Ag/SiO2–ZnO catalyst can improve the catalytic performance in the synthesis of indole and CeO2 exhibits more efficiency than La2O3. La2O3 can improve the dispersion of silver on SiO2. CeO2 can improve the reduction of Ag2O. Both La2O3 and CeO2 can suppress the formation of coke.
Authors:Gu De-shan, Jing Shi-wei, Sang Hai-feng, Qiao Shuang, Liu Yu-ren and Liu Lin-mao
This paper introduces the analysis method and principle of pulse fast-thermal neutron analysis (PFTNA). A system for the measurement
of low caloric power of coal by PFTNA is also presented. The 14 MeV pulse neutron generator and BGO detector and 4096 MCA
were applied in this system. A multiple linear regression method applied to the data solved the interferential problem of
multiple elements. The error of low caloric power between chemical analysis and experiment was less than 0.4 MJ/kg.
Authors:Hongfei Cheng, Jing Yang, Ray L. Frost, Qinfu Liu and Zhiliang Zhang
The thermal behavior and decomposition of kaolinite–potassium acetate intercalation complex was investigated through a combination of thermogravimetric analysis and infrared emission spectroscopy. Three main changes were observed at 48, 280, 323, and 460 °C which were attributed to (a) the loss of adsorbed water, (b) loss of the water coordinated to acetate ion in the layer of kaolinite, (c) loss of potassium acetate in the complex, and (d) water through dehydroxylation. It is proposed that the potassium acetate intercalation complex is stability except heating at above 300 °C. The infrared emission spectra clearly show the decomposition and dehydroxylation of the kaolinite intercalation complex when the temperature is raised. The dehydration of the intercalation complex is followed by the loss of intensity of the stretching vibration bands at region 3600–3200 cm−1. Dehydroxylation is followed by the decrease in intensity in the bands between 3695 and 3620 cm−1. Dehydration is completed by 400 °C and partial dehydroxylation by 650 °C. The inner hydroxyl group remained until around 700 °C.
Authors:Yue Cheng, Kaiming Liu, Gengmei Xing, Hui Yuan, Long Jing and Yuliang Zhao
The water-solubilization of metallofullerenes is important for their potential applications, but their formation processes
are still not clear, and the formation yield is uncontrollable. In this paper, we quantitatively studied the water-solubilizing
process of Gd@C82 with hydroxylation reaction using ICP-MASS techniques. For the first time, it was found that the formation yield of the multihydroxylated
Gd@C82 is declined quickly with the break up of carbon cage of Gd@C82 in the hydroxylated processes. The observation revealed a way to control the hydroxylation processes and increase the formation
Authors:Chong-dian Si, Hong-tao Gao, Jing Zhou and Guang-jun Liu
For hydrogen generation from an aqueous alkaline NaBH4 solution, a novel biomass precursor for the production of Co/activated carbon (Co/AC)) catalyst was studied in this investigation. To design a hydrogen generator, the hydrogen generation rate was measured using the Co/AC catalyst as a function of calcination time, calcination temperature and impregnation mass ratio of CoCl2/AC. SEM and XRD analysis revealed that the prepared catalyst consisted of a crystalline form of Co3O4 and had a good dispersion and coating properties. It was observed that increasing the solution temperature causes more hydrogen generation. The activation energy for the NaBH4 hydrolysis reaction was calculated to be 37.4 kJ mol−1.
Authors:Chen Cheng, Nie Cun-Xi, Liang Jing, Wang Yong-Qiang, Liu Yan-Feng, Ge Wen-Xia and Zhang Wen-Ju
A validated high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed to analyze the (±)-gossypol in the selection of strains of Candida tropicalis culture. Since gossypol was easily degraded and oxidized, the addition of antioxidant NADPH-Na4 and acetone extraction was chosen to prevent gossypol degradation and gradient elution assay was applied to obtain gossypol resolution. Concentrations of gossypol in C. tropicalis ZD-3 culture 20 μg/mL were determined, and concentration–time profiles were observed. Linearity of the gossypol standard curve by HPLC area method was ranged from 0.1 to 20 μg/mL with Y = 26.954 × X − 29.547, R2 = 0.9991, and n = 3, with limit of detection (LOD) of 50 ng/mL and lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 500 ng/mL. The recovery rate is dose-dependent and ranged from 85.3% to 103.5%. It is a rapid and reliable HPLC method for gossypol quantization in microorganism culture which could be applied in solid fermentation in the feed industry.
Authors:Chuanfu Chen, Kai Sun, Gang Wu, Qiong Tang, Jian Qin, Kuei Chiu, Yushuang Fu, Xiaofang Wang and Jing Liu
The quality and credibility of Internet resources has been a concern in scholarly communication. This paper reports a quantitative
analysis of the use of Internet resources in journal articles and addresses the concerns for the use of Internet resources
scholarly journals articles. We collected the references listed in 35,698 articles from 14 journals published during 1996
to 2005, which resulted in 1,000,724 citations. The citation data was divided into two groups: traditional citations and Web
citations, and examined based on frequencies of occurrences by domain and type of Web citation sources. The findings included:
(1) The number of Web citations in the journals investigated had been increasing steadily, though the quantity was too small
to draw an inclusive conclusion on the data about their impact on scientific research; (2) A great disparity existed among
different disciplines in terms of using information on the Web. Applied disciplines and interdisciplinary sciences tended
to cite more information on the Web, while classical and experimental disciplines cited little of Web information; (3) The
frequency of citations was related to the reputation of the author or the institution issuing the information, and not to
the domain or webpage types; and (4) The researchers seemed to lack confidence in Internet resources, and Web information
was not as frequently cited as reported in some publications before. The paper also discusses the need for developing a guideline
system to evaluate Web resources regarding their authority and quality that lies in the core of credibility of Web information.
Authors:Haiying Wang, Yucheng Yang, Jianhong Wei, Ling Le, Yang Liu, Chunxu Pan, Pengfei Fang, Rui Xiong and Jing Shi
Nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube arrays were synthesized by anodization in ethylene glycol electrolyte and annealing in ammonia at 500 °C. Detailed analysis showed that the nitrogen-doped titania nanotubes were pure anatase of ordered structure, with a crystallite size of 8.5 nm. The doping nitrogen atoms were induced on the interstitial sites and substitutional sites and the ratio of oxygen vacancies increased to 27.15 %, resulting in an add-on peak in the absorption spectrum and extended the absorption from 387 to 618 nm. The photocatalytic activity of the nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanotubes was evaluated by photocatalytic degradation of methyl blue under visible light irradiation. Significant improvement of photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation was observed. We assumed the nitrogen doping induced the effect produced by nitrogen atoms, Ti3+ cations and oxygen vacancies and the size effect of the TiO2 crystallite should be responsible for the effective photocatalytic activity.