Authors:Shou-Zhi Yu, Xiao-Tao Li, Jing-Hua Li, Jin-Yun Wang and Sheng-Jun Tian
The stability of β-cyclodextrin-cinnamyl alcohol inclusion complex (β-CD·C9H10·8H2O) was investigated using TG and DSC. The mass loss took place in three stages: the dehydration occurred between 50–120°C; the dissociation of β-CD·C9H10O occurred in the range of 210–260°C; and the decomposition of β-CD began at 280°C. The dissociation of β-CD·C9H10O was studied by means of thermogravimetry, and the results showed: the dissociation of β-CD·C9H10O was dominated by a two-dimensional diffusion process (D2). The activation energyE was 161.2 kJ mol−1, the pre-exponential factorA was 4.5×1013 min−1.
Cyclodextrin is able to form inclusion complexes with a great variety of guest molecules, and the interesting of studies focussed on the energy binding cyclodextrin and the guest molecule.
In this paper, β-cyclodextrin-cinnamyl alcohol inclusion complex was studied by fluorescence spectrophotometry and infrared absorption spectroscopy, and the results show: the stable energy of inclusion complexes of β-CD with weakly polar guest molecules consists mainly of Van der Waals interaction.
Authors:Jing-Hua Li, Ning Zhang, Xiao-Tao Li, Jin-Yun Wang and Sheng-Jun Tian
The stability of the inclusion complex of β-CD with cinnamic aldehyde was investigated by means of TG and DSC. The mass loss takes place in three stages: dehydration occurs at 50–120°C; dissociation of β-CD·C9H8O proceeds in the range 200–260°C; and decomposition of β-CD begins at 280°C. The kinetics of the dissociation of β-CD·C9H8O was studied by means of thermogravimetry both at constant temperature and with linearly increasing temperature. The results demonstrate that the dissociation of β-CD·C9H8O is dominated by a one-dimensional diffusion process. The activation energyE is 160 kJ mol−1, and the pre-exponential factorA is 5.8×1014 min−1. Scanning electron microscope observations and the results of crystal structure analysis are in good agreement with those of thermogravimetry.
Authors:Qun Xiang, Bo-Rong Bao, Zhen Li, Jing-Tian Han and Shao Hua
A new extractant, N-octanoyl-2-methylpiperidine (OMPPD) has been synthesized. The extraction of U(VI) with N-octanoyl-2-methylpiperidine (OMPPD) in nitric acid has been studied. The dependence of the partition reaction of U(VI) on the concentrations of nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent LiNO3, and temperature has been studied. In the light of the results, the extraction mechanism is discussed. The synergistic extracted complexes may be presented as UO2(NO3)2(OMPPD)2 . The related thermodynamic functions were calculated.
Authors:Ji-Bin Li, Anise M.S. Wu, Li-Fen Feng, Yang Deng, Jing-Hua Li, Yu-Xia Chen, Jin-Chen Mai, Phoenix K.H. Mo and Joseph T.F. Lau
Background and aims
Problematic online social networking use is prevalent among adolescents, but consensus about the instruments and their optimal cut-off points is lacking. This study derived an optimal cut-off point for the validated Online Social Networking Addiction (OSNA) scale to identify probable OSNA cases among Chinese adolescents.
A survey recruited 4,951 adolescent online social networking users. Latent profile analysis (LPA) and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses were applied to the validated 8-item OSNA scale to determine its optimal cut-off point.
The 3-class model was selected by multiple criteria, and validated in a randomly split-half subsample. Accordingly, participants were categorized into the low risk (36.4%), average risk (50.4%), and high risk (13.2%) groups. The highest risk group was regarded as “cases” and the rest as “non-cases”, serving as the reference standard in ROC analysis, which identified an optimal cut-off point of 23 (sensitivity: 97.2%, specificity: 95.2%). The cut-off point was used to classify participants into positive (probable case: 17:0%) and negative groups according to their OSNA scores. The positive group (probable cases) reported significantly longer duration and higher intensity of online social networking use, and higher prevalence of Internet addiction than the negative group.
The classification strategy and results are potentially useful for future research that measure problematic online social networking use and its impact on health among adolescents. The approach can facilitate research that requires cut-off points of screening tools but gold standards are unavailable.