Nanoscience and technology (NST) is a young scientific and technological field that has generated great worldwide interest
in the past two decades. Previous bibliometric analyses have unmistakably demonstrated the remarkable growth of the global
NST literature. While almost all published research articles in NST are in English, increasingly a larger share of NST publications
is published in the Chinese language. Perplexingly, Chinese is the only language — apart from English — that displays an ascendant
trend in the NST literature. In this brief note, we explore and evaluate three arguments that could explain this phenomenon:
coverage bias, language preference, and community formation.