Authors:Jozef Junak, Nadezda Stevulova and Marcela Ondova
This paper is focused on utilization of coal fly ash, steelmaking slag and glass bottle fragment in concrete production. Each of these wastes was mixed into concrete, and compressive strength was tested.The first part of this paper is focused on Portland cement replacement by mechanochemical activated coal fly ash and the second part is aimed to natural aggregate replacement by steelmaking slag and glass bottle fragment in concrete mixture. The results showed that coal fly ash has a positive influence on compressive strength development, and steelmaking slag and glass waste can be successfully used as a natural aggregate replacement.
Authors:Julia Cigasova, Nadezda Stevulova and Jozef Junak
In this paper, the effect of mean particle length of hemp hurds on compressive strength and other parameters of fibrous-composites is studied. Hemp hurds of various origin (Hungarohemp LTd, Nagylak, Hungary; Hempflax, Netherlands) with a wide particle size distribution were used in the experiments. Six samples of hemp hurds with various mean particle length (from 7.3 mm to 39.9 mm) were used for the preparation of fibrous composites based on MgO-cement as a binder. Bulk density, compressive strength, thermal conductivity and water absorbability of fibrous composites after 28 days of hardening were tested. The impact of men particle length of hemp hurds slices on values of bulk density, compressive strength and water absorbability of hardened composites was confirmed.
Authors:Julia Cigasova, Nadezda Stevulova, Ivana Schwarzova and Jozef Junak
Nowadays, the use of natural fibers as reinforcements for composite is attractive. Plant fibers from hemp, jute, sisal and others are used for the purposes of the construction. In this paper the attention is given to the preparation of composites based on hemp hurds. Hemp hurds is obtained from hemp stem in the fibers processing. Lightweight composites based on alternative binder MgO-cement and unmodified and chemically modified hemp hurds as filler were prepared. Their water absorption behavior was observed in time dependence.
Authors:Viola Hospodarova, Jozef Junak and Nadezda Stevulova
Nowadays, color concrete pigments are used to revive space in the construction of new buildings, reconstruction existing buildings and squares. Color pigments represent a partial weight replacement of the binder. Color pigmented concrete also has properties like traditional concrete namely high strength, good durability and weather resistance for its variable use. In this paper, characterization and classification of color pigments, using and their influence on the properties of concrete is given. The experimental part of concrete composites studying (with color pigments) includes testing of physical and mechanical properties in comparison to reference sample (without color pigments).
Authors:Ivana Schwarzova, Nadezda Stevulova, Eva Singovszka, Eva Terpakova and Jozef Junak
This article concerning natural cellulose fibers as reinforcement in composite materials in civil engineering. In this paper, the attention is given to industrial hemp specifically to the woody part of hemp plant called hemp hurds. The properties of natural fibers are mainly determined by the chemical and physical composition, such as structure of fibers.
The objective of presented research is to characterize raw and physically treated hemp fibers using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy method. These natural fibers were used as filler into biocomposites and MgO-cement was used as alternative binder. Physico — mechanical properties (compressive strength, thermal conductivity, absorbability) of prepared composites were determined.