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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: Bo-Hyun Kim, Tae-Hee Lim, Jin-Woong Roh, Sang-Geun Lee, Chang Ju, Seong Park, Seong Hong, and Gun Lee

Abstract  

Undoped and Cr-doped Bi12TiO20 (BTO) were prepared and used as photocatalysts for the degradation of formic acid both under visible light and UV irradiation. The effects of the Cr doping on the visible light response and the photocatalytic activity of BTO were investigated. The prepared catalysts were characterized by using XRD, XPS, UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The doping of Bi12TiO20 with low concentration of Cr leads to noticeable increase in visible light absorption and decrease in the recombination rate of photo-generated electrons and holes. As a result, the Cr-doped BTO showed a higher photocatalytic activity for the degradation of formic acid both under visible light and UV irradiation, as compared with undoped BTO.

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Abstract  

The analysis of mineral contents in space foods is needed to obtain an information on a comprehensive elemental composition as well as the investigation on the effects of human nutrition and health based on the dietary intake of mineral elements. Recently, six items of new Korean space foods (KSFs) such as kimchi, bibimbap, bulgogi, a ramen, a mulberry beverage and a fruit punch which was developed by the KAERI, and the contents of more than 15 elements in the samples were examined by using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). Five biological certified reference materials, NIST SRM were used for analytical quality control. The results were compared with those of common Korean foods reported, and these results will be applied toward the identification of irradiated foods.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Nicole Altvater-Mackensen, Gregor Balicki, Lucie Bestakowa, Bianca Bocatius, Johannes Braun, Lars Brehmer, Verena Brune, Kirstina Eigemeier, Füsun Erdem, Ralf Fritscher, Anne Jacobs, Bernd Klingsporn, Marcin Kosinski, Julia Kuntze, Ju-Ra Lee, Anna Osterhage, Martin Probost, Thorsten Risch, Tobias Schmitt, Wolfgang G. Stock, Anja Sturm, Katrin Weller, and Kerstin Werner

Summary We operationalize scientific output in a region by means of the number of articles (as in the SciSearch database) per year and technology output by means of the number of patent applications (as in the database of the European Patent Office) per priority year. All informetric analyses were done using the DIALOG online-system. The main research questions are the following: Which scientific and technological fields or topics are most influent within a region and which institutions or companies are mainly publishing articles or holding patents? Do the distributions of regional science and technology fields and of publishing institutions follow the well-known informetric function? Are there - as it is expected - only few fields and few institutions which dominate the region? Is there a connection between the economic power of a region and the regional publication and patent output? Examples studied in detail are seven German regions: Aachen, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Köln (Cologne), Leipzig - Halle - Dessau, München (Munich), and Stuttgart. Three different indicators were used, science and technology attraction of a region (number of scientific articles and patents), science and technology intensity (articles and patents per 1,000 inhabitants), and science and technology density (articles and patents per 1 billion EURO gross value added). Top region concerning both attraction and intensity is Munich, concerning density it is Aachen.

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