Collaboration between researchers and between research organizations is generally considered a desirable course of action,
in particular by some funding bodies. However, collaboration within a multidisciplinary community, such as the Computer–Human
Interaction (CHI) community, can be challenging. We performed a bibliometric analysis of the CHI conference proceedings to
determine if papers that have authors from different organization or countries receive more citations than papers that are
authored by members of the same organization. There was no significant difference between these three groups, indicating that
there is no advantage for collaboration in terms of citation frequency. Furthermore, we tested if papers written by authors
from different organizations or countries receive more best paper awards or at least award nominations. Papers from only one
organization received significantly fewer nominations than collaborative papers.
MX-80 bentonite is considered as one of the best backfill materials for high-level radioactive nuclear waste. Herein, the
bentonite is characterized by using XRD and FTIR techniques. Sorption of radionickel to MX-80 bentonite in the presence/absence
of humic acid (HA) or fulvic acid (FA) as a function of pH is investigated. The results indicate that the presence of HA or
FA decreases the sorption of Ni2+ obviously. The different experimental processes do not affect the sorption of nickel to FA/HA bound bentonite. The sorption
of Ni2+ on FA/HA-bound bentonite decreases with the increasing FA/HA content in the systems. The mechanism of nickel sorption is
also discussed in detail.
Authors:Hongbo Gu, Jin Mei He, Jun Hu, and Yu Dong Huang
The kinetics of the thermal degradation of a new semi-aromatic polyamide containing benzoxazole unit (BO6) have been investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TG). Thermal degradation of BO6 could be accomplished by one step. The corresponding kinetic parameters of the degradation process are determined by using Kissinger and Flynn–Wall–Ozawa methods, respectively. Coats–Redfern method is also used to discuss the probable degradation mechanism of the BO6. The results show that the activation energy obtained from Kissinger method is in good agreement with the value obtained by using Flynn–Wall–Ozawa method. The solid-state degradation mechanism of the BO6 is a decelerated R1 type (phase boundary controlled reaction one-dimensional movement).
Authors:Yunfeng Hu, Jinpeng Cao, Jun Deng, Baoyu Cui, Mingwei Tan, Junfei Li, and Hongsheng Zhang
We investigated the reductive amination of ethanol to acetonitrile on Cu/γ-Al2O3. The different catalysts were characterized by XRF, XRD, H2-TPR and CO adsorption, and products were identified by FTIR and GC–MS. Our results show that dehydrogenation of ethanol takes place over Cu sites, γ-Al2O3 not only plays the role of the carrier and has catalytic dehydration function. Cu sites with high metal area and good stability are necessary to get high yield of acetonitrile. Among the impregnation, coprecipitation and physical mixing methods, impregnation is the most suitable to form Cu sites for meeting the requirements. The phase of copper species and the stability of Cu/γ-Al2O3 catalysts are closely related to Cu loading. With the increase of copper loading up to 15%, Cu/γ-Al2O3 shows good stability, which is more important for long period reaction. The effect of different reaction conditions such as reaction temperature, ethanol WHSV and ammonia/ethanol molar ratio were also investigated.
Authors:Kit-leong Cheong, Ding-tao Wu, De-jun Hu, Jing Zhao, Kai-yue Cao, Chun-feng Qiao, Bang-xing Han, and Shao-ping Li
Multiple species of ginseng are well-known Chinese medicinal herbs. The glycome of Panax species has various beneficial effects; however, studies related to their systematic profiling are very limited. Therefore, the systematic profiling of the glycome of Panax species was investigated in this study. The sugars from different locations and different species of Panax (Panax ginseng, Panax quinquefolium, and Panax notoginseng) were prepared by microwave-assisted extraction. Free mono- and oligo-saccharides were identified by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC). Furthermore, polysaccharides were compared and characterized by using saccharide mapping based on HPTLC analysis. The results showed that the mono- and oligo-saccharide in Panax species were similar, including the glucan and pectin type of polysaccharides in different locations and different species of Panax, respectively. The data are helpful to better understand the glycome of different species of Panax and may contribute to rational usage of polysaccharides from Panax species.
Authors:Jun Yuan, Wei Yue, Cheng Su, Zheng Wu, Zheng Ma, Yun Pan, Nan Ma, Zhi Hu, Fei Shi, Zheng Yu, and Yi Wu
This research intends to investigate the patent activity on water pollution and treatment in China (1985–2007), and then compares
the results with patents data about Triadic patents, South Korea, Brazil and India over the same periods, patents data were
collected from Derwent World Patents Index between 1985 and May 2008. For this study, 169,312 patents were chosen and examined.
Total volume of patents, technology focus, assignee sector, priority date and the comparison with other countries are analyzed.
It is found that patents on water pollution and treatment filed at China have experienced a remarkable increase and the increase
rate of patents filed at China change simultaneous with the percentage of domestic applications. However, the number of high
quality Triadic patents with priority country as China remains small. Furthermore, in addition to individual patent assignees,
both Chinese universities and enterprises also play important roles in patent activity of water pollution and treatment. In
addition, the pattern of South Korea’s development can provide short-term implications for China and the regularity in Triadic
patents’ development can provide some guidance to China’s long-term development. In contrast, the development pattern of Brazil
and India is less influential to China’s development. Furthermore, China’s technology focuses on water pollution and treatment
seem to parallel global and triadic patent trends. This research provides a comprehensive picture of China’s innovation capability
in the area of water pollution and treatment. It will help China’s local governments to improve their regional S&T capability
and will provide support the National Water Pollution Control and Treatment Project in China.