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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors: F. Burdan, Justyna Szumiło, Agnieszka Korobowicz, J. Dudka, Elżbieta Korobowicz, G. Wallner and R. Maciejewski

Cathepsin D (EC 3.4.23.5) is a lysosomal endopeptidase physiologically present at very low concentration in different tissues. The aim of the study was to estimate the physiological activity and distribution of cathepsin D in the liver. Four groups of ten-week-old male Wistar rats were raised without xenobiotics and sacrificed on day 4, 42, 47 and 84 of the experiment, and their livers were taken for immunohistochemical and biochemical investigation. Immunostaining for cathepsin D was evaluated by light microscope. Activity of the free and bound fractions of hepatic cathepsin D was measured spectrophotometrically. Immunohistochemical staining for cathepsin D was positive in Browicz-Kupffer cells in some but not in all rat liver specimens of each experimental group. The staining pattern was cytoplasmic and granular. Occasionally the positive stained endothelial cells were also found. No activity of cathepsin D in hepatocytes was detected. The positive immunostaining was found in livers with high enzyme activity in the biochemical investigation. No significant differences in activity of the free and bound fractions of cathepsin D among the different age groups were noted. However, the higher, age-dependent activity (p≯0.05) of the free fraction was observed in the youngest and the two-middle groups of rats that were sacrificed on day 42 and 47 than in the oldest one. The bound fraction did not reveal such changes. It could be concluded that there were no differences in the activity of hepatic free and bound fractions of cathepsin D in male Wistar rats of various reproductive age. The rat Browicz-Kupffer cells revealed the highest activity of cathepsin D.

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors: J Dudka, F Burda, Barbara Madej, Justyna Szumilo, Edyta Tokarska, Agnieszka Korobowicz, R Klepacz, Monika ChyüyÅska and Elżbieta Korobowicz

Metabolic acidosis complicates methanol, ethylene glycol and other alcohol intoxications. It is caused firstly by acid metabolites and secondly by the lactate elevation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH; EC 1.1.1.1) inhibitors and substrates: 4-methylpyrazole (4-MP), cimetidine, EDTA, ethanol and methanol on lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; EC 1.1.1.27) activity. The activity of LDH was determined spectrophotometrically in in vitro human heart homogenates with the mentioned compounds at 0.01, 0.1, 1.0 mM concentrations of 4-MP, cimetidine, EDTA, and 12.5, 25.0, 50.0 mM of ethanol and methanol. The LDH activity was significantly inhibited by 0.1 mM (p<0.05) and 1.0 mM (p<0.01) 4-MP and 1.00 mM EDTA (p<0.05). Higher LDH activity vs. control was observed in the samples incubated with all studied ethanol and methanol concentrations but these differences were not statistically significant. Thus, 4-MP was found to be the most effective inhibitor of LDH of all compounds tested. Therefore, such effect of 4-MP seems to be an additional advantage in methanol and ethylene glycol intoxications.

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