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Abstract  

Decomposition and removal of carbonizate was performed over platinum catalysts supported on two types of alumina differing in the surface area: low surface area one (LSA) and high surface one (HSA). For the sake of comparison, the performance of platinum catalyst supported on silica and bimetallic platinum-rhenium catalysts was analyzed. It has been shown that all platinum catalysts examined caused an increase in the removal of carbonizate. The activity of these catalysts was independent of the kind of support applied or addition of rhenium as a second component.

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Decomposition and removal of carbonizate was performed over platinum catalysts supported on two types of alumina differing in the surface area: low surface area one (LSA) and high surface one (HSA). For the sake of comparison, the performance of platinum catalyst supported on silica and bimetallic platinum-rhenium catalysts was analyzed. It has been shown that all platinum catalysts examined caused an increase in the removal of carbonizate. The activity of these catalysts was independent of the kind of support applied or addition of rhenium as a second component.

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Abstract  

Carbonizate as a model soot has been submitted to oxidation using Al2O3, Cr2O3, Ni2O3 and Fe2O3 as catalysts in the temperature range from RT up to 1000C. The results obtained indicate that Fe2O3 is the most active catalyst in soot oxidation. However, all the catalysts examined are active in transformation of carbonizate components. It has been shown that DTA and TG methods can be used as fast methods testing the carbonizate oxidation.

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: T. Warzecha, T. Adamski, Z. Kaczmarek, M. Surma, P. Goliński, J. Perkowski, J. Chełkowski, H. Wiśniewska, K. Krystkowiak, and A. Kuczyńska

Fusarium culmorum (W.G.Sm.) Sacc. is a pathogen affecting seedling, head, root and stem of barley, and the infection can result in significantly reduction of yield and grain quality. The aim of the studies was to compare the susceptibility of hulless and hulled barley doubled haploids (DH) to infection with F. culmorum . Thirty DH lines (15 hulled and 15 hulless) and their parents were inoculated with a conidial suspension of the isolate of F. culmorum KF350 (IPO348-01) (nivalenol chemotype). Experiment was carried out over six years. Spike infection score, kernel weight per spike, 1000-kernel weight and percentage of plump kernels (>2.5 mm) were examined in control and inoculated plants. In addition, in three environments, nivalenol (NIV) accumulation in infected kernels was analysed. Significant influence of genotypes and environments on spike infection, yield-related traits and NIV accumulation was found in inoculated plants. Hulless genotypes appeared to be more susceptible to infection than the hulled lines. The difference in NIV accumulation was not important — mean NIV content over three environments was similar for both groups of DH lines. Results suggest that glumes adhered to seed may protect it, to a certain degree, against penetration of the pathogen inside the seed.

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