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  • Author or Editor: K. Chun x
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Abstract  

In the boron neutron capture therapy, an accurate determination of the boron content in a biological sample is very important. The boron content was investigated with a standard solution of boron which was administered intraperitoneally with a dose of 750 mg/kg body weight into mice induced cancer cells and tumors. The boron content for two types of a sample was compared to the boronophenylalanine for the tumor and the ethylamine derivatives for the induced cancer cell, which were also investigated for their accumulation rate in each organ such as blood, spleen, liver, kidney and brain. An analytical quality control was carried out by using certified reference materials such as Peach Leaves, Apple Leaves and Spinach Leaves. The relative error of the measured values was in good agreement within 2% to the certified values.

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Abstract  

Neutron activation analysis has been applied to determine 12 elements, viz. Na, Mn, As, Fe, Co, Zn, Se, Sc, Cr, Sb, Hf and Ta in high-purity Ga2O3. The first 7 elements could be determined by anion exchange separation and isopropyl ether extraction, and the last 8 elements by instrumental method. It is recommended that the first 3 elements are determine by one of the radiochemical modes and the others by the instrumental method.

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Abstract  

A radiochemical neutron activation analysis has been applied to 2N–4N grade titanium metal and its oxide. Twenty two impurities were separated in a group from scandium by a radiochemical separation method using cation exchange resin with HBr and HCl. The contents of the elements were calculated by a single comparator method using two monitors. The analytical results agree well within 10% deviation with those obtained by instrumental method. Eighteen elements, Na, Fe, Co, As, Se, Sr, Mo, Sb, La, Eu, Tb, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, W, Th and U, are determined in titanium oxides and 17 elements, Na, Cr, Fe, Co, Se, As, Zr, Mo, Sb, Cs, Ce, Tb, Yb, Hf, Ta, W and Th, in titanium metals.

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Abstract  

A radiochemical separation method using Dowex 1×8 (200–400 mesh) has been applied to two tantalum metals of 99.9% purity. While tantalum was still retained on the resin, the elements Na, K, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Zn were separated with 2M HF and subsequently the elements Sc, As, Zr, Mo, Eu, W and Hf with a mixture of 0.5M HF and 3M HCl. The separation yields for all impurities was 98–100%. Elemental contents were calculated by a single comparator method using two monitors.

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Abstract  

For the instrumental neutron activation analysis of trace impurities in high purity silicon wafer, a modified single comparator method has been applied. The energy distribution of the neutrons at the irradiation position was measured using the two flux monitors, Au and Co, and elemental contents were calculated using the silicon matrix in the wafer as a comparator. This has advantage of reducing the cross contamination from an external monitor during sample preparation and irradiation, the uncertainties from the non-homogeneity of the neutron flux and the error on the weight of comparators. Determination limits for 49 elements were presented under the condition of 72 hours irradiation at a neutron flux of 3.7·1013 n·cm-2·s-1 and 4000 s measurement. The analytical results obtained by this method and the conventional single comparator method were compared and were found to agree well within 5%.

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