An analysis of 1223 papers published by India (347papers) and China (876papers) at conferences and in journals during 1993
and 1997 in the field of laser S&T indicates that China"s output was twice to that of India. However, Activity Indices for
both the countries in 1993 and 1997 were almost the same. Chinese scientists preferred to publish in domestic journals, while
Indian scientists published in foreign journals. The number of papers by Indian scientists in SCI covered journals and journals
with high-Normalized Impact Factors was more than for China, and, thus India was better connected to the mainstream science
compared to China. The impact made by Indian papers was more than for Chinese papers, as reflected by normalized impact per
paper, proportion of papers in high quality journals, and publication effective index. Indian papers also got more citations
per paper than Chinese papers. Team research appears to be better in China than in India, as reflected by the number of mega-authored
papers produced by the two countries.
The paper analyses the output of the publication data of an Indian laboratory in the field of physics inSCI and nonSCI covered Indian and foreign journals, processes developed and Indian patents filed during the period 1965–82 to find out the pattern of productivity. Looks at the journals wherein the laboratory scientists publish. Also points out the sub-areas of physics in which the laboratory scientists have published maximum papers and also mentions about the pattern of scientific co-authorship in the research work. Correlation coefficients between input variable (manpower and budget) with output variables (number of papers published, processes developed and Indian patents accepted) have been calculated.
An analysis of 258 papers published from Singapore and covered inScience Citation Index (SCI) 1979 and 1980 indicates that (1) much of R&D in Singapore pertains to medical research, (2) almost all the papers are published in English language periodicals published from the western world, (3) nearly two-thirds of Singapore's publication output is accounted for by the University of Singapore, and (4) by and large papers from Singapore are rarely cited, even if many of them have appeared in journals having impact factor greater than one.
An analysis of 952 publications published by Indian scientists and abstracted by Journal of Current Laser Abstracts during 1970-1994 indicates that laser research in India picked up during 1978-1994 and reached its peak in 1980. The Indian output in the field of laser research forms an integral part of the mainstream science as reflected by the pattern of publications and their citations in the international literature. Laser research performed in India improved considerably during 1985-1994 as compared to 1970-1984 as seen by different impact indicators such as citation per paper, proportion of high quality papers, and publication effective index. The publication output is concentrated among few institutions and there is a similarity in the activity and attractively profile of the highly productive institutions. India"s citation rate per paper for highly productive authors is at par with the world citation rate per paper. The study indicates that the proportion of mega authored papers increased during 1990-1994 and the international collaboration is mainly with the USA.
An analysis of the patents filed and scientific papers published and abstracted in theJournal of Current Laser Abstracts (JCLA) for the period 1967–95 indicates that innovative activity in laser science and technology was at its peak in the early
70s. However, scientific activity surpassed the innovative activity in the early 80s. There was a continuous shift in emphasis
from “applications of lasers” to “experimental laser research” and to “theoretical laser research”. Further analysis of the
1840 patents field in 1970–71, 1975–76, and 1980–85 indicates that most of the firms filing patents were situated in USA and
thus USA is the leading country filing patents in this area followed by Japan. “Spectroscopy of laser output” followed by
“Communication applications of laser” got the maximum emphasis.
Making use of scientometric techniques, the paper attempts to assess the performance of Indian organic chemistry research
during the 70s and 80s. Identifies the significant work and its impact using mainstream connectivity, surrogate measures of
quality and relative impact indicators. It is observed that the organic chemistry research performed in India during the later
period (80s) has improved slightly as compared to the previous period (70s).