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Abstract  

To determine the cross sections of the135Cs(n,γ)136Cs reaction, a sample of135Cs included in a “standardized solution” of137Cs was used as a target and irradiated in a reactor. The ratio of the atom number of135Cs to that of137Cs was determined to be 0.89±0.03 with a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The thermal cross section and the resonance integral measured in this study were determined to be 8.3±0.3 and 38.1±2.6 b respectively.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: N. Shinohara, Y. Hatsukawa, K. Hata, N. Kohno, M. Andoh, H. Saleh, W. Charlton, T. Parish, and S. Raman

Abstract  

For nuclear transmutation of minor actinides, delayed neutron emission measurement for241Am was carried out in thermal neutron irradiation location. The neutron capture cross sections of241Am were also measured radiochemically. The transmutation process of241Am in reactor is discussed by calculating the yields of minor actinides with the nuclear data measured in this study and the evaluated values. The accelerator driven transmutation of minor actinides by high-flux neutrons from spallation reactions is also presented.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Y. Zhao, T. Ohtsuki, Y. Nishinaka, K. Tsukada, S. Ichikawa, H. Ikezoe, Y. Hatuskawa, K. Hata, M. Tanikawa, Z. Qin, K. Sueki, Y. Oura, H. Kudo, and H. Nakahara

Abstract  

Two kinds of scission configurations for certain mass division have been verified by the accurate measurements of fragment velocities in protoninduced fission of actinides: compact and elongated scission configurations. A correlation between the binary scission configurations and mass yield distributions reveals that elongated scission configurations are associated with the symmetric mass distribution and compact scission configurations with the asymmetric mass distribution. The elongation properties of nuclei at scission in a wide range of actinides fissions are studied. The results suggest that the compact and the elongated scission configurations in light actinides fission smoothly change to the scission properties of the symmetric and the asymmetic modes in heavy actinides fission.

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