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Untersuchungen zur thermischen Zersetzung von Boraten

I. Untersuchungen an borax (Na2 B4O5 (OH)4).8H2O

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: E. Hartung, K. Heide, R. Naumann, K. Jost, and W. Hilmer
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Abstract  

A 35 MeV linear electron accelerator is used to investigate how far photon activation analysis can be used within the broad spectrum of analytical methods applied in BAM. The irradiation facilities are described. Examples are given for the application of PAA in the analysis of oxygen in metals and compared with conventional heat extraction and other nuclear analytical methods. It is further shown that PAA is a very useful tool for the analysis of traces of noble metals in Cu compared with other methods. Finally the possibilities of PAA in the field of multielement analysis are demonstrated taking ancient roman potsherds and bronze as examples. The results are compared with those of XRF and AAS. It is concluded that PAA is a valuable tool in the analysis of light elements with at least partly unique possibilities, that it can serve as an independent method for the certification of Reference Materials in many cases and that PAA can be very useful applied for multielement analysis.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: A. Türler, H. Gäggeler, K. Gregorich, H. Barth, W. Brüchle, K. Czerwinski, M. Gober, N. Hannink, R. Henderson, D. Hoffman, D. Jost, C. Kacher, B. Kadkhodayan, J. Kovacs, J. Kratz, S. Kreek, D. Lee, J. Leyba, M. Nurmia, M. Schädel, U. Scherer, Schimpf, D. Vermeulen, A. Weber, H. Zimmermann, and I. Zvara

Abstract  

On-line isothermal gas phase chromatography was used to study halides of261104 (T1/2=65 s) and262,263105 (T1/2=34 s and 27 s) produced an atom-at-a time via the reactions248Cm(18O, 5n) and249Bk(18O, 5n, 4n), respectively. Using HBr and HCl gas as halogenating agents, we were able to produce volatile bromides and chlorides of the above mentioned elements and study their behavior compared to their lighter homologs in Groups 4 or 5 of the periodic table. Element 104 formed more volatile bromide than its homolog Hf. In contrast, element 105 bromides were found to be less volatile than the bromides of the group 5 elements Nb and Ta. Both 104 and Hf chlorides were observed to be more volatile than their respective bromides.

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