Authors:A.-M. Hu, K.-M. Liang, G. Wang, F. Zhou and F. Peng
The processes of nucleation of Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses with TiO2 and TiO2+ZrO2 as nucleating agents were discussed. The DTA peak temperature and DTA peak height shown a strong dependence on the nucleation
temperature in the glass with TiO2, while in the glass with TiO2+ZrO2 this tendency was small. The optimum nucleation temperatures were 745 and 760°C for two glasses. It suggested that with TiO2+ZrO2 as nucleating agents, the crystallization had lower sensitivity for nucleation temperature, and the glass had higher nucleation
efficiency than with TiO2.
Authors:X. Liang, K. Tsukada, A. Toyoshima, Z. Li, M. Asai, T. Sato, N. Sato and Y. Nagame
Adsorption of carrier-free radiotracers 181W and 93mMo produced in the 181Ta(p, n) and natNb(p, n) reactions, respectively, on anion-exchange resin was studied in mixed solution of HF and HNO3 in a concentration range of 10−4–10−1 M HF/0.1 M HNO3. Distribution coefficients (Kd) of 181W and 93mMo at 70 °C showed the V-shaped variation with the minimum at around 10−1 M HF/0.1 M HNO3, although variation of the Kd values for 93mMo was quite small compared with that for 181W. Formation of oxofluoro complexes for W and Mo is briefly discussed.
Authors:C.G. Liang, Y.X. Song, X. Guo, D. Kong, Y. Wang, Q. Zhao and K.F. Huang
High-yield common buckwheat ‘cv. Fengtian 1’ (FT1) and tartary buckwheat ‘cv. Jingqiao 2’ (JQ2) were selected to investigate the characteristics of the grain-filling process and starch accumulation of high-yield buckwheat. FT1 had an average yield that was 43.0% higher than that of the control ‘cv. Tongliaobendixiaoli’ (TLBDXL) in two growing seasons, while JQ2 had an average yield that was 27.3% higher than that of the control ‘cv. Chuanqiao 2’ (CQ2). The Richards equation was utilized to evaluate the grain-filling process of buckwheat. Both FT1 and JQ2 showed higher values of initial growth power and final grain weight and longer linear increase phase, compared with respective control. These values suggest that the higher initial increasing rate and the longer active growth period during grain filling play important roles to increase buckwheat yield. Similar patterns of starch, amylose and amylopectin accumulation were detected in common buckwheat, leading to similar concentration of each constituent at maturity in FT1 and TLBDXL. Tartary buckwheat showed an increasing accumulation pattern of amylose in developing seeds, which differed from that of starch and amylopectin. This pattern led to a significant difference of the concentrations of amylose and amylopectin at maturity between JQ2 and CQ2, the mechanisms of which remained unclear. Nevertheless, both FT1 and JQ2 showed increased starch, amylose, and amylopectin accumulation during the physiological maturity of grains. The results suggest that prolonging the active grain-filling period to increase carbohydrate partitioning from source to seed sink can be an effective strategy to improve buckwheat yield.
Authors:X. X. Yu, J. W. Wu, Z. K. Liang, M. Q. Zhao and X. J. Xu
A high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) method was established for the isolation and purification of isochlorogenic acid A from Lonicera japonica Thunb. The two-phase solvent system was composed of n-hexane:ethyl acetate: isopropanol:water (2:3:2:5, v/v/v/v). From 150 mg of the ethyl acetate fraction of L. japonica Thunb, 19.65 mg of isochlorogenic acid A was obtained in a one-step HSCCC separation, with a purity of 99.1%, as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The structure was further identified by ultraviolet (UV), mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).
Citri Grandis Exocarpium (CGE) is a traditional Chinese medicine with a variety of biological activities. For efficient quality control of CGE, a simple, rapid, and accurate high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed for simultaneous determination of four main compounds (naringin, rhoifolin, meranzin hydrate, and isoimperatorin) in this herb. These four compounds were separated on a C18 column by gradient elution with methanol and water. The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min−1, and the detection wavelength was 324 nm. The recoveries of the method ranged from 96.32% to 103.71%, and good linear relationships (r2 > 0.9998) over relative wide concentration ranges were obtained. Then this validated method was successfully applied to the analysis of nine batches of CGE samples.
Authors:Y. C. Xiao, L. T. Liu, J. J. Bian, C. Q. Yan, L. Ye, M. X. Zhao, Q. S. Huang, W. Wang, K. Liang, Z. F. Shi and X. Ke
Shuganjieyu (SGJY) capsule is a classical formula widely used in Chinese clinical application. In this paper, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization and ion trap mass spectrometry has been established to separate and identify the chemical constituents of SGJY and the multiple constituents of SGJY in rats. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 RRHD column (150 × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm), while 0.1% formic acid–water and 0.1% formic acid–acetonitrile was used as mobile phase. Mass spectral data were acquired in both positive and negative modes. On the basis of the characteristic retention time (Rt) and mass spectral data with those of reference standards and relevant references, 73 constituents from the SGJY and 15 ingredients including 10 original constituents and 5 metabolites from the rat plasma after oral administration of SGJY were identified or tentatively characterized. This study provided helpful chemical information for further pharmacology and active mechanism research on SGJY.