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Abstract  

No-carrier-added 177Lu was produced by the 176Yb(n,)177Yb 177Lu process using enriched 176Yb2O3. The radiochemical separation of the nca 177Lu from the macroscopic ytterbium target was investigated by reversed-phase ion-pair HPLC. Effects of the concentrations of 2-hydroxyisobutyric acid and 1-octanesulfonate in the eluent, the amount of Yb2O3, the type and length of the C18 column on the separation efficiency were examined. Under optimum conditions, the nca 177Lu was obtained in radiochemically pure form from 5 mg of Yb2O3 with a separation yield of 84%.

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Abstract  

The dynamics of redox related elements (Fe, Co, Zn, and Se) were studied using instrumental neutron activation analysis as a function of rat age in the range of 4 to 16 weeks. Activity levels of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) were assayed, and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentrations were measured for the same liver homogenates using an X-band ESR spectrometer. The oxidative stress, the aging effect, and the mineral valance are discussed.

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Abstract  

For the assessment of a public impact caused by radionuclides released from nuclear facilities, a dynamic compartment model was developed for prediction of behavior of radioiodine in air, paddy field and rice plant system. The transfer coefficients among compartments were determined by some experimental data and assumptions for each chemical form of iodine. A verification of the model was carried out by some case studies.

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Abstract  

An efficient method to produce [1-14C] benzoic acid within a total time less than 20 min in high chemical and radiochemical yield is described. The procedure we report can be applied for the preparation of [11C]-labeled carboxylic acids suitable for evaluation in the study of human metabolism by positron emission tomography.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: N. Shigeta, H. Matsuoka, A. Osa, M. Koizumi, M. Izumo, K. Kobayashi, K. Hashimoto, T. Sekine, and R. Lambrecht

Abstract  

No-Carrier-Added186Re was produced using the186W(p,n)186Re nuclear reaction with 13.6 MeV protons on thick targets of 99.79% isotopically enriched186WO3. The theoretical excitation functions for producing186Re, and possible radionuclidic impurities of182Re,183Re, and184Re were calculated using the ALICE code. Cross-sections of the186W(p,n)186Re reaction were measured up to 20 MeV using the stacked target method with thin foils of natural composition tungsten metal. The experimental and theoretical excitation functions were in good agreement. Targetry used at the TIARA cyclotron, and a radiochemical separation scheme for186Re are described.

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