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- Author or Editor: K. Mohammadpour x
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The alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica Gyll. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is a key pest of alfalfa in different regions of the world where it causes sometimes complete crop destruction. Application of insecticides is the most important and major control method of this pest. The efficacy of fipronil (WG 80%), 50, 70 and 90 g/ha along with fosalon (EC 35%), 2.5 l/ha and malathion (EC 57%), 3 l/ha were assessed against this pest in the field based on a completely randomized block design. Based on Henderson–Tilton formula, on the fourteenth day after treatment, the minimum efficacy of fipronil, 50, 70 and 90 g/ha, fosalon, 2.5 l/ha and malathion, 3 l/ha bait was 80%, 89%, 98%, 76% and 75%, respectively. Results showed that fipronil (WG 80%) at 50–70 g/ha can be used against alfalfa weevil.
The box tree moth, Cydalima perspectalis, is the most important pest of the box tree in the world. The use of pheromone is expected to reduce use of chemical pesticides in C. perspectalis. In this study, the efficiency of three different types of traps including funnel, wing and delta traps at two installation heights (2 and 4 m above the ground) and also dynamic activity of C. perspectalis at different elevations above sea level was investigated in Mazandaran province (Iran) in 2018 and 2019 seasons. The results showed that funnel traps in comparison with the other two types of traps (delta and wing) captured significantly more C. perspectalis. However, trap height had no effect on trapping. C. perspectalis was active in the box reservoir at different elevations above sea level.
Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliv. (Col.: Dryophthoridae), is a key pest of date palm in Asia, North Africa and Spain. A field study was conducted in south eastern Iran to find the effect of odor sources in traps on RPW behavior. This study consisted of four experiments; each included four treatments (odor sources) and eight replications. Each experiment was repeated 4 times (i.e. four different distances between odor sources (treatments) were considered: 0, 0.5, 2 and 5 meters). In each treatment, two traps were used. The treatments were as follows: 1) one trap included two pheromones and the other trap included two pieces of plant tissue, 2) both traps included one pheromone along with one piece of plant tissue, 3) both traps included one pheromone, and 4) both traps included one piece of plant tissue. Overall, much less RPWs were caught in the traps of treatments 3 and 4 (baited with only the pheromone or the plant bait) than in the traps of treatments 1 and 2 (baited with pheromone and plant tissue) evidencing the phenomenon of synergy, previously reported. The Results of analysis of variance of total catch of traps, at all between-trap distances indicated that there was significant difference among treatments. In all experiments, traps that contained just palm tissue had the least catch rate. The RPW distinguished pheromone from plant odor when both sources were separated by less than 5 m. At distances of 5 m, attractancy of plant odor was similar to pheromone attractancy. Our results suggest that each of the chemical cues probably induce a different behavioral process. Probably, pheromone would attract RPWs from a distance, making them fly towards the pheromone sources (traps) while the plant odor would arrest flight and induce landing and local search by walking for palm tissue, resulting in entry into traps.