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  • Author or Editor: K. Moustafa x
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Abstract  

The aim of the present study is to develop of chromatographic separation of some biological materials using poly(acrylamide-acrylic acid-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) resin P(AAm-AA-DMAEMA). The copolymer was prepared by a template copolymerization of DMAEMA and AA in aqueous solution on polyacrylamide (PAAm) as a template polymer and N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (NMBA) as a crosslinker using gamma rays as initiator. Some biological materials such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), bovine serum albumin (BSA) and tri-iodothyronine (T3) were labeled using 125I and the purifications of all tracers were carried out using prepared resin compared with Sephadex. Factors affecting were studied to reach the most efficiency purification including pH buffer, variable elution volumes, flow rate and temperature. The radiochemical purity percent was determined using paper electrophoresis and immunoreactivity of tracer was checked. The efficiency of purification that obtained using the prepared resin is nearly equivalent to that of Sephadex.

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Authors: M. Barakat, A. Al-Doss, A. Elshafei, K. Moustafa and E. Ahmed

The objective of this study was to develop a simple anther culture protocol for a range of Saudi wheat genotypes. Seven wheat genotypes were evaluated in anther culture on five different medium protocols for their ability to initiate callus and green plants. The estimates of significance for the effects of genotypes, and medium protocols used, and their interactions on callus induction, callus weight and shoot formation derived from anther explants indicated that the in vitro traits were significantly influenced by the genotypes, medium protocols, and their interactions. The percentage of explants that developed calli ranged from 0.41% (Lang) to 15.39% (Irena) averaged across the five medium protocols with an average 4.45%. The genotype Irena produced the highest average means of shoot formation (69.65%) across medium protocols. The genotype Yecora Rojo (13.73%) was significantly inferior to all other tested genotypes for shoot formation.

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Two sensitive, specific, and selective stability-indicating chromatographic methods were developed for the determination of cyclobenzaprine HCl (CZ) and asenapine maleate (AS) in pure forms, in the presence of their degradation products and in their pharmaceutical formulations. The first method was an isocratic reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Analysis was performed on cyano column using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile–(0.05 m) potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 3 ± 0.1) (70:30, v/v) with a flow rate of 1.5 mL min−1 and ultraviolet (UV) detection at 290 nm for the determination of CZ, and methanol–(0.05 m) potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 6 ± 0.1) (70:30, v/v) with a flow rate of 1.5 mL min−1 and UV detection at 220 nm for the determination of AS. The second method was thin-layer chromatography (TLC), using silica gel 60 F254 plates and toluene–methanol–chloroform-ammonia solution 33% (5:3:6:0.1, by volume) as the mobile phase for the two drugs. The spots were scanned densitometrically at 290 and 220 nm for the determination of CZ and AS, respectively. The methods were validated according to the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines, and the acceptance criteria for linearity, accuracy, precision, specificity, and system suitability were met in all cases. The linearity ranges were 2.5–25 μg mL−1 for the RP-HPLC method and 5–50 μg band−1 for the TLC method for both drugs. The limits of detection for the RP-HPLC method were 0.250 and 0.578 for CZ and AS, respectively, while the limits of quantification were 0.758 and 1.572 for CZ and AS, respectively. The limits of detection for the TLC method were 1.355 and 1.284 for CZ and AS, respectively, while the limits of quantification were 4.472 and 3.891 for CZ and AS, respectively. The results were compared statistically at a 95% confidence level with the reported methods. There were no significant differences between the mean percentage recoveries and the precisions of the two methods.

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