The phosphorus retention ability of soils depends on several factors and influences the effectiveness of fertilization as well as the release of P from soil to water. In the present study the phosphorus supplying and/or retention ability of soils were estimated by two approaches: biological approach (pot experiments) and modelling (by regression analyses). In the course of the biological approach pot experiments were carried out with soils showing significant differences in total and available P contents. Soil samples were collected from selected plots of 9 sites of the National Long-Term Fertilization Trials (NLFT) after 20 years of fertilization, which represents different agro-ecological regions of Hungary. Site characteristics covered a wide range in pH, carbonate and P content, representing typical soil types of the country. With the statistical approach (modelling), the most important soil properties were included and the role of these factors was evaluated by stepwise regression analyses. From the equations, the contribution of important soil parameters to phosphorus supplying and retention ability could be quantified. The objective of the present study was to find a simple way to compare and evaluate the two approaches in P nutrient turnover of soils. Results of the two approaches were correlated. From these results, a rank correlation was also made from the experimental and calculated results. A very close relationship was observed for the P supply and retention of soils (r value was 0.918 for the N
unfertilized control and 0.927 for the N
fertilization level). Values obtained with rank correlation were 0.87 and 0.866, respectively, verifying that both methodologies are reliable for estimating the nutrient dynamics in soils and to predict P dynamics in a diverse range of soils.
Nutrient management practices that concurrently improve soil properties and yield are essential for sustaining barley production. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of balanced nitrogen fertilizer application involving farmyard manure (FYM) and residue management. The experiment had a factorial arrangement of five levels of mineral N and two organic fertilizer sources. The five levels of N fertilizer were applied in three replicates in combination with each of the two organic sources and a control (without organic source). Average plant height (PH), grain yield (GY), and straw yield (SY) were significantly (P <0.05) influenced by the main effect of N application and organic source; however their interaction was insignificant. The highest grain yield (103%) was obtained with 120 kg N compared to the control. The grain yield increased by 23.4% and 44% with FYM and residue, respectively, against the untreated control.
Authors:Gy. Kátay, E. Kátay, K. Újszászy, É. Sárdi and E. Tyihák
Occurrence of ascorbigen (chemically bound L-ascorbic acid) was studied in extracts of different cultivars of cabbage in cotyledonic and primary leaf stages by thin-layer chromatography, UV-VIS spectroscopic and mass spectrometric measurements. The eventual presence of 1’-methylascorbigen was also studied. It has been shown that samples prepared from cotyledons did not contain ascorbigen, in contrast to the plants in primary leaf stage. 1’-methylascorbigen was not identified in the analysed plant samples. These results demonstrate that ascorbigen is already formed in the early (primary leaf stage) development stage of cabbage.
Authors:A. Blázovics, H. Fébel, G. Bekő, D. Kleiner, K. Szentmihályi and É. Sárdi
The effect of polyphenolic bioactive substances, especially resveratrol (12.03 mg l−1), of an often consumed Hungarian red wine was investigated in a short term rat experiment. Male young Wistar albino rats were treated with high volumes of red wine (matching one bottle of wine/day for a 85 kg man) (N=5) and another alcoholic drink of the same alcohol concentration (N=5), corresponding to the circumstances of alcoholism, and 5 rats were in the control group. A total of 7 routine laboratory parameters were measured from the sera by kits.
The changes of redox homeostasis (H-donor activity, induced chemiluminescence, diene-conjugates, GSHPx) were studied in blood plasma and/or in liver homogenates by spectrophotometric and luminometric methods. Transmethylation property of the liver was measured by overpressured layer chromatography (OPLC) technique. It was proven with in vitro OPLC analytical study that resveratrol reacted with methyl groups, and resveratrol was demonstrated to influence transmethylation processes as well as redox homeostasis. Red wine compounds do not protect from the harmful effects of alcohol, and even by high doses of resveratrol, the liver further deteriorates and the negative effect of alcohol increases. It has been confirmed that high doses of resveratrol do not provide protection against liver damage in those suffering from alcoholism.
Authors:L. Váli, H. Fébel, É. Stefanovits-Bányai, É. Sárdi, A. Lugasi, K. Szentmihályi and A. Blázovics
Dietary intake of
polyphenols and vitamins before surgery may have beneficial effect on survival
of the patients. Table beet (Beta
vulgaris L. var. rubra) contains
bioactive agents, which have a wide range of different physiologic effects.
These agents have beneficial antioxidant properties. The aim in the present
study was to determine the gut protecting properties of bioactive substances of
table beet in a model of ischaemic-reperfusion injury of the rat liver.
Chemiluminescent intensity, H-donating ability, reducing power and free
SH-group concentracion were determined by luminometry and spectrophotometry in
duodenum and plasma. Lyophilized table beet increased significantly the free
radical scavenging property of the plasma measured by chemiluminometry. Other
antioxidant parameters of the plasma increased in rats fed table beet diet, and
change in reducing power was significant. Beneficial effect of the treatment
was found in changes of total scavenger capacity of the duodenum during
ischaemia-reperfusion injury. H-donating ability and reducing power of the gut
decreased in the table beet-fed group during ischaemia-reperfusion compared to
normal group with ischaemia-reperfusion. Based on these data, it can be
concluded that table beet can protect the entire body from the oxidative damage
caused by ischaemia-reperfusion of the liver, but the effect of table beet
treatment on gut mucosa needs further investigation.