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  • Author or Editor: K. Sordo-El Hammami x
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Abstract  

A description is given of the systematic errors which can be introduced when applying absolute or comparator standardization techniques to RNAA or ENAA at irradiation sites with a deviating 1/E1+α epithermal neutron flux distribution. A simple correction formula for a≠0 is presented and a survey is given of the present state-of-the-art for experimentala-monitoring and for the calculation or experimental determination of the effective resonance energy Ēr. Extensive error calculation leads to the conclusion that, with careful selection ofa monitors and of the nuclear data involved, the rather large errors (∼10% or more) are reduced, after correction fora, to uncertainties of about 2%.

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Abstract  

Some methods described in the literature for the determination of α in the 1/E1+α epithermal neutron spectrum are critically reviewed with respect to their accuracy. The multi resonance—detector method with Cd-covered irradiations, as used by SCHUMANN and ALBERT, is generalized by subtracting the epithermal 1/v-tail and by introducing the effective resonance energy, as defined by RYVES. The two-detector method of RYVES is modified by using Cd-ratio measurements, thus eliminating the introduction of systematic errors due to the inaccuracy of absolute nuclear data. The adapted methods are applied in channel 15 of the Thetis reactor (Gent).

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