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Abstract  

The phase diagram for the AgNO3−KNO3 system has been determined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Eutectic point has been found at 391 K andX Ag=0.580 mole fraction AgNO3. The DSC curves indicate the existence of an intermermediate compound (AgNO3·KNO3) in the KNO3-rich region of the phase diagram. This compound was identified in the solid phase by X-ray diffraction. The melting and the crystallization processes were followed with the aid of a hot stage microscope, too.

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Thermal analysis of some fly ashes

I. Gastitrimetric determination of carbon and sulfur contents of fly ashes

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: K. Szécsényi, M. Arnold, K. Tomor, and F. Gaál

Abstract  

The thermal behavior of different fly ashes from the electrical precipitators of various pulverized carbon fuel-fired boilers was investigated by means of simultaneous TG, DTG, DTA and EGA analysis. The carbon and sulfur contents of the samples were determined by gastitrimetry. The compositions of the samples were examined by X-ray diffraction. The quantitative oxide analysis of the ashes was carried out by means of a classical method.

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Abstract  

The optical resolution of racemic mandelic acid (I) by S-2-benzylamino-butanol (II) was performed in water, ethyl acetate, and water saturated ethyl acetate. It was found that the efficiency of the resolution is three times higher in water saturated ethyl acetate than in either water or ethyl acetate. The salt mixtures produced during the resolutions and the pure diastereoisomeric salts were analyzed by TG, DSC and X-ray powder diffraction measurements. The R-(-)-IS-(+)-II salt has the higher melting point and heat of fusion value which indicates that this is the more stable salt. Though the general assumption is that diastereoisomeric salt pairs of successful optical resolutions form eutectic systems, the R-mandelic acid-S-2-benzylamino-butanol and the S-mandelic acid-S-2-benzylamino-butanol system was found to behave in a different way. Melting did not start at or near the estimated eutectic temperature. The difference can be explained either by miscibility in the solid phase (solid solution) or by a blocked interaction between the crystals of the two solid salts. This unusual behaviour of the salt pair should be responsible for the unusual difference in the efficiency of the resolutions performed in different solvents

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Changes in the water content of aluminium sulphate hydrate were investigated gravimetrically at room temperature in air with different relative humidities. The samples conditioned in this way were characterized by thermoanalytical (TG, DTG, DSC) and X-ray diffraction measurements. Industrial aluminium sulphate hydrate obtained by freezing the melt has a partly crystalline structure. After grinding, this material crystallizes during storage. This process requires a humid atmosphere; increasing relative humidity brings about more intensive crystallization.

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Thermogravimetry was applied in studies of aluminium foils for electrolytic capacitors. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and surface area determination were also used in the interpretation of the results.

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The gibbsite →χ-alumina decomposition (in air) and theχ-alumina → boehmite transformation (under hydrothermal conditions) were investigated isothermally. Reaction products were characterized by TG and X-ray diffraction.

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DSC studies on the polymorphism and pseudopolymorphism of pharmaceutical substances

A complex system for studying physico-chemical behaviour of binary mixtures

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: K. Marthi, M. Ács, G. Pokol, K. Tomor, and K. Eröss-Kiss

A complex system including thermoanalytical methods, infrared spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction for studying physico-chemical behaviour of binary mixtures is described. This system has been tested by investigating binary mixtures of amphetamine hydrochloride salts.

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Transition metal complexes with thiosemicarbazide-based ligands

31. Dioxouranium(VI) complexes with N(1),N(4)-bis(salicyIidene)- and N(1)-benzoylisopropylidene-N(4)-saIicylidene-S-alkyl-isothio-semicarbazides

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: V. Leovac, E. Ivegeš, K. Szécsényi, K. Tomor, G. Pokol, and S. Gal

Abstract  

Solvate complexes of UO2 2+ andN(1), N(4)-bis(salicylidene)-S-methylisothiosemicarbazone, (H2Me-L1), of general formula [UO2(Me-L1)S] (S= H2O, MeOH, EtOH, Py, DMF and DMSO) were synthesized. The methanolic UO2 2+” adducts of N(1)-benzoylisopropylidene-N(4)-salicylidene-S-alkylisothiosemicarbazone, (H2R-L2,R=Me, Prn) of general formula [UO2(R-L2)· MeOH], were also prepared. Thermal decomposition of the complexes was investigated in air and argon. The complexes decompose to α-U3O8 in air, while in argon the decomposition is not completed up to 1000 K. The temperature and the mechanism of decomposition of the complexes are a function of the solvent belonging to the inner coordination sphere.

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Reactions of binary and ternary alkali metal carbonate mixtures with aluminium oxide were studied by means of a derivatograph under different conditions. Reaction products were identified by X-ray diffraction.

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