Authors:K. Kumagai, K. Kurobe, H. Zhong, J. Loenneke, R. Thiebaud, F. Ogita and Takashi Abe
Previous studies reported that aerobic-type exercise such as walking or cycling with blood flow restriction (BFR) has been shown to elicit increases in leg muscle hypertrophy and strength, as well as improved aerobic capacity. Although previous studies investigated cardiovascular responses during a relatively short duration of exercise (∼5 min), the effects of prolonged leg muscular BFR have remained unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the cardiovascular effects of longer duration low intensity exercise combined with BFR. Eight men performed 30 min of exercise at 40% of a predetermined maximal oxygen uptake under both BFR and normal flow (CON) conditions. Cardiovascular parameters were measured at rest and every 10 min during exercise. The main findings were that 1) the SV and HR did not change significantly between 10 to 30 min of exercise in BFR and CON conditions, although BFR-induced reduction of SV and increased HR were found at 10 min exercise compared with normal flow, 2) blood pressure was increased at 10 min of exercise in BFR compared to the CON, however the blood pressure decreased gradually with BFR from 10 to 30 min of exercise, and 3) blood lactate and RPE increased gradually during exercise with BFR. In conclusion, our results suggest that the BFR-induced reduction of SV and increased HR within the first 10 min of exercise are representative of changes in these parameters.
Authors:Y. Masuda, K. Minagawa, W. Morita, Z. Zhong and P. K. Gallagher
The behaviour of thermal dehydrations of isomorphous complexes of calcium copper acetate hexahydrate, CaCu(CH3CO2)4·6H2O and calcium cadmium acetate hexahydrate, CaCd(CH3CO2)4· 6H2O was studied by means of thermal analyses and X-ray structural analysis. The enthalpy changes for the dehydration of CaCu(CH3CO2)4·6H2O and CaCd(CH3CO2)4·6H2O were 315±9.7 and 295±8.0 kJ mol−1, respectively. The DSC curves of the dehydrations indicated that the seemingly simple dehydrations are more complex than they appear at first sight. Apparent activation energies for the dehydrations of CaCu(CH3CO2)4·6H2O and CaCd(CH3CO2)4·6H2O were 85.7±7.4 and 87.9±12.5 kJ mol−1, respectively.
Authors:H. Quan, Z. Ge, Z. Li, C. Yin, K. Zhong, Z. Hao, H. Li and F. Ji
The desorption behaviour (desorption temperature and extent of desorption) of HF,HCFC-133a (CF3CH2Cl) and HFC-134a (CF3CH2F) on γ-AlF3 or catalyst supported on γ-AlF3 was studied using an adsorption apparatus and TG, DTA and DSC methods. On the basis of the results a reaction mechanism was
proposed for the preparation of HFC-134a. The γ-AlF3 employed for preparing the catalyst was expected to be stable below 550C based on the crystalline phase transition temperature
Authors:P. Gallagher, Zhi-min Zhong, E. Charsley, S. Mikhail, M. Todoki, K. Taniguahi and R. Blaine
Samples of nickel, varying by four orders of magnitude in their purity, were studied by thermomagnetometry (TM), to determine
if the extrapolated end point (TC) changes.TC is virtually identical for the 99.99 and 99.999% samples. Samples of less purity did show changes.
Simultaneous DTA/TM can accurately defineTC by comparing with the melting points of pure metals determined simultaneously. The melting points of lead and zinc bracket
theTC for nickel. They were added to the sample pan prior to TM of nickel. Experiments were performed at heating rates in the range
from 1 to 20 deg·min−1. It serves as a pilot study for the ICTAC Committee for Standardization to more accurately define the recommended values