Authors:Bernard Wallner, Martin Fieder, and Karoline Iber
This study analyzes the age profile of scientific employees and its relation to personnel costs and scientific productivity
within eight faculties at the University of Vienna. The age demography can overall be divided into two main categories: Category
one faculties represent an increased number of younger aged researchers (Catholic-, Protestant Theology, Law, Economics, Information
Sciences, and Medicine), category two faculties show an increased number of older aged researchers (Social Sciences, Humanities,
and Science). In addition, it can be demonstrated that the personnel costs for full professors are higher within four faculties
(Catholic-, Protestant Theology, Law, and Economics and Information Sciences). Inevitably, this leads to savings for habilitated
and non- habilitated researchers at these faculties. The faculty of Medicine represents a well-balanced use of personnel costs.
Three faculties (Social Sciences, Humanities, and Sciences) have to pay dramatically more for their older aged habilitated
and non-habilitated personnel. For the entire university and two faculties, Medicine and Humanities, a positive and significant
relationship between age and the average weekly teaching performance is shown. This study suggests that institutions with
a high percentage of older researchers, mainly in the categories of habilitated and non- habilitated personnel, must change
their policy to become more flexible and attractive for new talented young people. Due to the fact, that this cannot only
be realized through the introduction of new laws, each faculty must establish a scientific plan combined with reorganizations
of the personnel structure and personnel costs.