Development of biomineralizing techniques requires new or borrowed methods, as well as instruments for the evaluation of the efficacy of the biomineralization. The aim of the research was to evaluate the appropriateness of two existing techniques for measuring the surface hardness and material loss of microbially treated porous limestone surfaces. Measurements were done with Duroscope, and with the peeling-tape method. The techniques were tested in a comparison trial, where different bio-based curing compounds were applied on porous Sóskút limestone slabs. Two of the bio-based, and the conventional compounds show higher development in the surface rebound values (86.67 to 201.1%) and higher decrease in material-loss (−39.5 to 96.3%) compared to the control specimen. Through statistical analysis of statistical samples with a high number of results, the suitability of the techniques was evaluated.
The aim of this paper is to introduce the horizontal sorption technique and to demonstrate its applicability for the observation of porous materials and effect of surface treatments. The horizontal sorption testing method is a new technique, which was developed to facilitate the in-situ assessment of water absorption properties of porous materials. This new technique has some advantages compared to the already existing in-situ testing methods (Karsten pipe method, contact sponge method). It is easy to use, requires no supplementary electric devices, and tight attachment of the measuring tool onto the surface is not necessary. Moreover, the absorption of the water can be easily initiated and then documented. In the present paper several different ways of application of the technique are shown. The testing method was proven to be appropriate for the evaluation of the rate of water absorption, for determination of the sedimentary fabric of the rock (layers and orientation of the fabric results from its formation), as well as the effective depth and nature of three different types of surface treatments. These treatments were (i) organic and inorganic molecules activating bacteria in the stone, (ii) a conventional stone consolidant and (iii) a biomineralizing protective treatment. The new testing method provided valuable information about the nature of all the three treatments. Therefore the horizontal sorption method (HSM) seems to be a highly promising tool for the analysis of porous materials.
Iron corrosion products of the steel canister in the nuclear waste container are highly silica sorptive materials and very much expected to delay formation of the protective layer (gel) on the nuclear glass interface. This study is focusing on the role of the iron carbonates (ankerite), which is probably one of iron corrosion products and already exists in the clay structure of the disposal depth. French SON68 inactive reference glass (alternative to the R7T7- type) samples are planned to leach in different series of experimental models with dissimilar quantities of natural ankerite. All batch experiments will be cultivated in synthetic Callovo-Oxfordian groundwater; where different pH (4-9) values and temperatures (35, 50, 90 °C) are considered. In this paper the state of the art of the radioactive waste glass corrosion in the circumstances of deep geological disposal were extensively studied.