The essay surveys Hungarian higher educational reform in a historical perspective Higher education is a special branch of public administration, where investment to human capital is of corollary importance even if the educational, research and fiscal autonomy of the given institutions is fully respected. The author investigates the legal aspects of how government oversight and supervision (as envisaged in the communist model) has been dismantled over the past 25 years in Hungary. There is no doubt: with the development of institutional autonomy, state subsidies decline and higher educational institutions need to make an increasing effort to simultaneously maintain financial stability, meet market demands and reverse the current trend of deterioration regarding the quality of education. It is for this reason that the negotiations between higher educational institutions and the state must remain within the legal frameworks so that government supervision will not transform into total neglection.
Europe is not only the land of origin, but also the principal keeper of social rights, since it is associated with the concept of Europeanism. The obvious social restrictions in Hungary as well as in other countries of Europe in recent years make it absolutely reasonable to examine to what social-economic context the discernible withdrawal of welfare services provided by the state is attributable. The similar manifestations are supported by no means by the same system of social conditions. As to its basis and dating back to its historical origin, the current social policy of the EU is framed in the spirit of the conceptual system of the social state. The Fundamental Rights Charter (just as the “European Constitution Treaty”, as part of which it may become mandatory) does not reflect either the labour society or Europe of the peoples, but the conceptions of the capital, of political classes and eurocracy. Nevertheless: considering the power relations of global capitalism, we need to appreciate as an apparent actuality that in the midst of these relations the charter insists not only on the requirement of European unity, but also on a modernised version of the social conceptual system. The purpose of this treatise has been to highlight that social objectives cannot be treated as isolated from their economic and social context. We should not risk balance by the maintenance and preservation of a social-organisational framework via overspending, which altogether contradicts the possibility of development and the sustainability of equilibrated development.