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Calorimetric characterization of 2′,3′-dideoxyinosine water solution

Stability and interaction with human serum albumin

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Katarzyna Michalik, Zofia Drzazga, and Anna Michnik

Abstract  

A study of 2′,3′-dideoxyinosine (ddI) stability and its interaction with human serum albumin (HSA) was carried out by differential scanning microcalorimetry DSC. Scan rate dependent and irreversible endothermic thermal degradation of ddI was analyzed with use of kinetic approach. Observed process could be interpreted in terms of simple first-order one step kinetic model. Moreover it was shown that ddI bound weakly to the human serum albumin and stabilized this protein.

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Summary The effect of pH on the thermal denaturation of BSA containing fatty acids was studied by use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Thermal scanning of BSA aqueous solutions gave various types of DSC curves depending on the protein concentration and on the pH. The broad bimodal endothermic transition was suggested to be connected with loose protein structure in contradistinction to single peak for compact molecule structure. The propensity toward precipitation at pH conditions ranging from 3.8 to 5 was observed. A scan-rate independent and partly reversible behavior of the thermal heating of BSA was found. Deconvolution of DSC traces in non-two-state model with assumption of two- or three-component transition allowed to study the effect of pH on different parts of BSA molecule.

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Abstract  

Differential scanning microcalorimetry (DSC) and UV–VIS absorption spectroscopy were used to obtain the characteristics of blood serum from newborn rat’ after maternal treatment with cyclophosphamide in comparison with control. The obtained DSC curves reveal a complex endothermic peak due to the unfolding process of various serum proteins. Thermal profiles and absorption spectra of blood serum are sensitive to the age of newborns as well as to effect of maternal administration of cyclophosphamide. The most significant disturbances in serum proteome were observed for 14-day old newborns. The thermodynamic parameters: enthalpy change (∆H), the normalized first moment (M1) of the thermal transition with respect to the temperature axis and the ratio of C p ex at 70 and 60 °C describing denaturation contributions of globulin forms in respect to unliganded albumin with haptoglobin was estimated. Moreover, the second derivative spectroscopy in the UV region was used to resolve the complex protein spectrum. The differences in blood serum detected by DSC and UV–VIS confirm a potential usefulness of these methods for diagnostic and monitoring changes with age as well as the pathological state of blood serum.

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Thermal stability study of the protease inhibitors

Nelfinavir mesylate and atazanavir sulfate

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Katarzyna Michalik, Zofia Drzazga, Anna Michnik, and M. Kaszuba

Abstract  

A thermal and kinetic analysis of two protease inhibitors: nelfinavir mesylate and atazanavir sulfate, were carried out to find their thermal stability. DSC curves of both drugs showed exothermic transition. This observed process resulted in two steps. Obtained apparent activation energy pointed at low stability of studied protease inhibitors in water solutions.

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