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  • Author or Editor: Kazuya Saito x
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Abstract  

A possible deduction is proposed of channel length distribution in one-dimensional porous materials from the kinetic data obtained in isothermal thermogravimetry (TG). The method utilizes the absorption/desorption of small molecules into one-dimensional nano-channel. In the surface-controlled absorption/desorption, the second derivative with respect to time is directly proportional to the channel-length distribution function. Even in the diffusion-controlled case, the second derivative with respect to the square root of time gives rough information on the distribution function.

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Summary Crystal structures of the room-temperature (RT) and low-temperature (LT) phases of p-methylbenzyl alcohol were reexamined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction method while paying special attention to detect structural disorder in the RT phase involved in successive structural phase transitions at 179 and 210 K. In the RT phase at 250 K, positional disorder of oxygen atoms was detected in contrast to the previous structure report. The structure of the LT phase coincided to the previous one. Heat capacities were measured by adiabatic calorimetry below 350 K, which covers the structural phase transitions and fusion at 331.87 K. The structural phase transitions were of first-order and required long time for completion. The combined magnitude of entropies of transition was ca. 5 J K-1 mol-1, a part of which can be ascribed to the positional disorder observed in the structure analysis. Standard thermodynamic functions are tabulated below 350 K.

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Abstract  

Meaning of the alkyl chain-length dependence of transition entropy in liquid crystal is discussed and clarified in a long-chain region. A method to deduce contributions of the alkyl chain and the molecular core is proposed. Application of the method suggests that, in most smectic A (SmA) - nematic (N) phase transitions, not only a molecular core (modeled by a hard-rod) but also a (terminal) alkyl chain is disordered upon the SmA→N transition.

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