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  • Author or Editor: Kh. Rezaee x
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Abstract  

Results obtained from the analysis of sediments surface samples taken from rivers mouth and polluted marine environment were analyzed for REE contents to determine the concentrations of La, Ce, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Lu and Yb using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Thirty surface samples were collected from ten sites in the coastal marine sediments of the South China Sea along 957 km stretch of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The samples prepared in the powdered form before irradiating them in a neutron flux of ~4 × 1012 n cm−2 s−1 at 750 kW power using the TRIGA Mark II research reactor at Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology (MINT). Results of the total concentration are used to establish baseline data in environmental pollution assessment and to develop the correlations between the Ce/Ce* anomalies and the distribution patterns of some the light rare earth elements (LREEs) and the heavy rare earth elements (HREEs). The Chondrite-normalized REE pattern from each site examined and used to explain the sedimentation patterns by anthropogenic activities and by natural processes such as shoreline erosion, weathering deposits. Shale-normalized (NASC) patterns suggest enrichment of LREEs relative to the HREEs with a positive Ce/Ce* anomaly. Validation of the used method was done using a Soil-7 SRM.

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Abstract  

Some vegetables of important nutritive requirements have been collected from Kuala Lumpur region capital of Malaysia. The vegetables were analyzed in order to determine activity concentration level of potassium using neutron activation analysis (NAA). The NAA results obtained showed the activity concentration of 40K varied from 379 Bq/kg (Egg-plant) to 1585 Bq/kg (Spinach Red). These results are compared to other researches and are clear that the concentrations of K are relatively high in the Malaysia in compared to rather than vegetables of Pakistan and Jamaican. However, they are seen not to pose any serious internal health burden due to ingestion given the realities of vegetables choice by individuals in the study area.

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Abstract  

In order to complete having data base of elemental assessment of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia marine sediments along the South China Sea coasts, trace elements are analyzed and their distribution in marine sediments is undertaken. The present study is done parallel with pervious study on elemental assessment of heavy metals, rare earth elements and actinides in the marine sediments of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Thirty surface sediment samples were collected in this area, including regions of Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang, Rompin and Johor Baharu. Multielemental analysis was carried out by instrumental neutron activation analysis and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. In both cases methodology validation was performed by certified reference material analyses. For the surface elemental distributions the enrichment factor values, average I geo and mC d values indicate that the trace elements of the surface sediments are uncontaminated in all sampling stations that are consistent with previous studies results of heavy metals, rare earth elements and actinides.

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Abstract  

Potassium is an extremely important major to element to the human body. Potassium in made up of three isotopes with abundances of 39K at 93.1%, 40K at 0.0118% and 41K at 6.88%. It is also very well known that 40K is to measure the single 1460.8 keV photon from beta-decay. However, this procedure requires a significant amount of sample and typical counting periods of at least a day in well-shielded germanium counting system. Another approach is to determination total potassium via neutron activation analysis using the well know 41K (n,γ) 42K(T 1/2 = 12.8 h) reaction and then evaluate 40K using the usual activity equation A = λN. In our laboratory we have effectively used thermal and epithermal neutron flux for neutron activation analysis to determine potassium in fruits. Upward to 7–9 batches of samples, which each of batch is including 14 samples so can be analysed in 1 day using only gram quantities of material. In such way on can increase the output of determining 40K by at least on order of magnitude. Result of a detailed investigation optimization of the methodology, quality control and detection limits will be presented for reference material and various fruits samples.

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