Authors:Dong-Hyeon Ko, Ki-Won Gyak, and Dong-Pyo Kim
The past three decades have seen increasing progress in the integration and process diversification of microfluidic systems for use in chemistry, biochemistry, and analysis. Here we summarize recent achievements in microreaction modules and microseparation units. We look into recent developments of microreaction systems fabricated by various 3D printing techniques for chemical synthetic applications. Moreover, we take a look at the recent achievements of newly developed microseparation technologies with enhanced separation efficiency realized by adopting single or hybrid principles as well as novel device concepts. Emerging technologies of 3D printing have potential to realize a vertically stacking the microchannels and miniaturization of bulky microreaction accessories. When the advanced microreaction systems are integrated with newly developed microseparation technologies, automated synthesis of industrial compounds, such as pharmaceuticals which need multiple types of salification chemistry, will be almost completed. Many opportunities are open to developing innovative microreaction systems with these techniques that can also be highly durable under harsh conditions.