Turkey faces a tremendous pressure for adjusting its governance structure to the EU accession requirements. The challenge seems to touch upon some core aspects of political transformation such as the emergence and self-organising power of an autonomous civil society, and the mobilisation of societal actors beyond the national boundaries on European level. The European impact on the governmental logic also corresponds with an extremely fragile process of consolidation of democracy in Turkey. However, Turkish democracy is still fragile and far from being consolidated. In this context, the paper argues that a successful process of consolidation of democracy is conditioned by three factors: (1) a moderation of the demands of the social forces in the country; (2) a governmental strategy based on the accommodation of these demands with a tolerant political perspective; and (3) a serious engagement by the leading circles with the problems of governance in the country both in the centre and on the periphery.