Authors:Kinga Balla, István Gyene, Klára Szentágothai, Zsuzsa Bak and Györgyi Mezei
The aim of this study was to compare fitness levels of 8–13 years old healthy and asthmatic boys from 1985 and 2004.
Subjects and methods:
The swimmer asthmatics from 1985 (SA1,
= 40) and from 2004 (SA2,
= 26) participated in the same therapeutic swimming training. Healthy, non-swimmer children (NonSH1 in 1985,
= 41 and NonSH2 in 2004,
= 54) participated in physical education classes.
Comparing the fitness outcomes of all boys from 1985 with that obtained in 2004 a significant difference was found (
< 0.0001, boys from 1985 had better results). Fitness of NonSH1 was significantly better than fitness of NonSH2 (
< 0.0001), similarly SA1 had better fitness results than SA2 (
There was a trend between 1985 and 2004, so that the fitness of healthy and asthmatic children worsened. Further investigations are needed to clarify the medical and social aspects of the results.